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    GE Fanuc AutomationComputer Numerical Control ProductsSuper CAP T and Super CAP II Tfor Series 16/18-TB, 16/18-TC, and 16i/18i-TAOperator's ManualGFZ-62444E-1/04October 1997

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    GFL-001Warnings, Cautions, and Notesas Used in this PublicationWarningWarning notices are used in this publication to emphasize that hazardous voltages, currents,temperatures, or other conditions that could cause personal injury exist in this equipment ormay be associated with its use.In situatio...

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    s–1SAFETY PRECAUTIONSWhen using a machine equipped with the FANUC Super CAP T and FANUC Super CAP II T, be sure to observethe following safety precautions.

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    SAFETY PRECAUTIONSB–62444E–1/04s–21 DEFINITION OF WARNING, CAUTION, AND NOTEThis manual includes safety precautions for protecting the user and preventing damage to themachine. Precautions are classified into Warning and Caution according to their bearing on safety.Also, supplementary info...

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    B–62444E–1/04SAFETY PRECAUTIONSs–32 GENERAL WARNINGS AND CAUTIONSWARNING1. Before starting to use the conversational functions (such as creation/run of machining programs,measurement of tool compensation, and specification of a chuck barrier), close the doors of themachine, and take any oth...

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    SAFETY PRECAUTIONSB–62444E–1/04s–4WARNING7. When you run the machine using a machining program created using a conversational functionor a machining program generated by converting another machining program to NC programformat, be sure to use the correct tool geometry compensation data meas...

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    Table of ContentsB–62444E–1/04c–1SAFETY PRECAUTIONSs–1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I. GENERAL1. OVERVIEW3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–25.2TWO–PATH LATHES WITH TWO OPPOSING SPINDLES47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.1Machine Coordinate System47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.2Work...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–37.5MACHINING SIMULATION BASED ON A SOLID MODEL (SUPER CAP II T)91. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5.1Simulating a Cutting Operation Based on a Solid Model91. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5.2Simulation of C–/Y–axis Machining91....

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLY126. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.1OPERATION BEFORE EXECUTION (SUCH AS SELECTING A PROGRAM, MOUNTING A TOOL, ETC.)...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–513.4CHUCK/TAIL STOCK FIGURE DATA223. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.4.1Chuck Figure Data223. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–61.2.7Improvement of Pattern Repeating Cutting Retract Movement297. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.8Pattern Repeating Approach to Shape Start Point300. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.9Bar and Patte...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–71.11AUXILIARY AND TRANSFER PROCESSES374. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12M–CODE AND PROGRAM END PROCESSES375. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12.1M–code P...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–83.2CENTER DRILLING, DRILLING, REAMING, AND TAPPING (ON THE SIDE FACE)434. . . . . . . 3.2.1Machining Type Selecting436. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.2Process Data437. . . . . . . ...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–91.3.5Specifying the Secondary Machining Process (For the Right–side Tool Post)481. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.6Displaying the Figure of a Product483. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3.7Animated...

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    TABLE OF CONTENTSB–62444E–1/04c–10A.15PARAMETERS FOR Y–AXIS MACHINING572. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A.16PARAMETERS FOR DRILLING573. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

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    I. GENERAL

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    B–62444E–1/041. OVERVIEWGENERAL31 OVERVIEWThis manual describes the functions related to the one–/two–path latheSuper CAP T and Super CAP II T of the FANUC Series 16/18–TB andFANUC Series 16/18–TC Series 16i/18i–TA. (The Super CAP II T isusable only with the FANUC Series 16/18–TC...

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    1. OVERVIEWB–62444E–1/04GENERAL4The models covered by this manual, and their abbreviations, are:MODELABBREVIATIONFANUC Series 16–TB16–TBFANUC Series 18–TB18–TBFANUC Series 16–TC16–TCFANUC Series 18–TC18–TCFANUC Series 16i–TA16i–TAFANUC Series 18i–TA18i–TAThe Super CAP ...

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    B–62444E–1/042. SYMBOLS USEDGENERAL52 SYMBOLS USEDThe following explains how keys and buttons are indicated in this manual.(1) Function buttons are indicated in bold type:Example)PRGRM, OFSET(2) Numeric keys to be entered from the key board are underlined:Example)12.345(3) The input key is in...

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    3. FLOWCHART FROM CREATING A PROGRAM TO EXECUTING ITB–62444E–1/04GENERAL63 FLOWCHART FROM CREATING A PROGRAM TOEXECUTING ITThis chapter shows a flow indicating how a machining program is createdand executed using the conversational automatic programming function.

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    B–62444E–1/043. FLOWCHART FROM CREATING A PROGRAM TO EXECUTING ITGENERAL7Press the PRGRM functionbutton.To select the conversational mode, press the conversational key on themachine operator’s panel or press the [CAP-I] soft key after entering theEDIT mode.NC-format programming inputmenuSel...

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    3. FLOWCHART FROM CREATING A PROGRAM TO EXECUTING ITB–62444E–1/04GENERAL8Press the PRGRM function button.To select the conversational mode, either press the conversational key onthe machine operator’s panel or enter the EDIT mode and press the [CAP-I]soft key.NC-format programming inputmenu...

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    B–62444E–1/043. FLOWCHART FROM CREATING A PROGRAM TO EXECUTING ITGENERAL9Press the PRGRM function button.To select the conversational mode, press the conversational key on themachine operator’s panel or enter the EDIT mode and press the [CAP-I] softkey.NC-format programming input menuSelect...

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    4. SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAB–62444E–1/04GENERAL104 SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAWhenever you are uncertain of the operation to be performed next, checkrelevant part of this manual. Alternatively, press the [GUIDE] soft keyto display the operation guidance screen for the ...

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    B–62444E–1/044. SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAGENERAL11Soft keys displayed on the conversational screens have different colorsdepending on their functions as follows:(1) Green soft keysUsed mainly for displaying other screens.[MCHN–C]:Displaying the cutting condition data screen[TOOL...

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    4. SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAB–62444E–1/04GENERAL12Data can be entered for items on the conversational programming menus(except for the detailed data screen) while calculation is performed on thesame menu.The four arithmetic functions, addition, subtraction, multiplication, anddivi...

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    B–62444E–1/044. SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAGENERAL13144.7+1.25DELETEWINDOWON/OFFINSERT FIGUREPROCESEDITMCHN–C TOOL–D DETAILDATAPLOTGUIDESTART POINT X145.95DELETEWINDOWON/OFFINSERT FIGUREPROCESEDITMCHN–C TOOL–D DETAILDATAPLOTGUIDESTART POINT X(INPUT key)↓Second key operatio...

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    4. SELECTING THE MENU AND INPUTTING DATAB–62444E–1/04GENERAL14For the 10″ LCDÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ(1)Addition (+)ÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ...

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    B–62444E–1/045. HIERARCHY OF THE CONVERSATIONAL SCREENSGENERAL155 HIERARCHY OF THE CONVERSATIONAL SCREENSTYPE OF MACHINING=Main menuCreating programsPROGRAM NOEditing programsPROGRAM LIST FOR EDITINGMachining simulationPROGRAM LIST FOR SIMULATIONDirect operationPROGRAM LIST FOR DIRECT ...

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    II. OPERATION

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    B–62444E–1/041. OVERVIEW OF THE PROCEDUREOPERATION191 OVERVIEW OF THE PROCEDUREThe following shows the general procedure from creating a machiningprogram to executing it using Super CAP for the FANUC Series 16–TB.Setting parametersSetting cutting condition dataSetting a pre-tool list when d...

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    1. OVERVIEW OF THE PROCEDUREB–62444E–1/04OPERATION20Measuring the tool offsetSpecifying a tool change positionSetting data before executionChecking the machining program with the check drawingTrial machiningSpecifying tool wear compensationActual machiningII.12 EXECUTING MACHINING PROGRAMSII....

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    B–62444E–1/042. DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARDOPERATION212 DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARD

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    2. DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARDB–62444E–1/04OPERATION22The CRT/MDI panel consists of a display unit, such as a color 14″ CRTor color 9.5″ LCD, and a keyboard.(1) CRT/MDI panel with the 14″ color CRTO (X AU .M #I [POSSYSTEM–/↑PAGEPAGE↓RESETN )Z BW JS =K ]PROGMESSAGE80EOB←↓G EC D...

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    B–62444E–1/042. DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARDOPERATION23The keys mainly used for the conversational automatic programmingfunction are explained here. For other keys that are not dealt with in thismanual, refer to the relevant operator’s manuals.When the conversational automatic programming f...

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    2. DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARDB–62444E–1/04OPERATION24KeyDescriptionData input keyAddress keys(alphabeticalkeys)Used to enter alphabetic characters and symbols on theNC–format programming screen.In the conversational automatic programming function,these keys are used only when the name of a...

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    B–62444E–1/042. DESCRIPTION OF THE KEYBOARDOPERATION25KeyDescriptionOther keysReset keyRESETResets the NC to release an alarm.This key can also be used to stop automatic operation of themachine or machining simulation.Input keyINPUTSets data entered into the key input buffer in an appropriate...

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    3. OPERATION MODESB–62444E–1/04OPERATION263 OPERATION MODESBefore performing the desired operation listed below, enter thecorresponding mode.In the following table, an asterisk (*) in the mode column indicates thatthe corresponding operation can be performed in any mode.OperationReferenceMode...

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    B–62444E–1/043. OPERATION MODESOPERATION27OperationModeReferencePunching and reading the data by using thebatch data input/output functionII. 14EDITMeasuring tool length offset on the toolingscreenII. 13JOG/HANDLEEntering offset on the tooling screenII. 13*Setting parametersAPPEN-DIXMDI

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION284 TYPES OF SCREENSThe screens displayed by the conversational automatic programmingfunction are shown below. For details of data and operation on eachscreen, see the related explanation in this manual.

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION29(1) Parameter setting screen (For details, see Part V, APPENDIX.)General data relating to the conversational automatic programmingfunction is set and displayed on this screen.+INPUT<ABBPARAMETER(CAP BIT PARAM) 9770 NM7NM3 NM2 NM1 NM000000000 97...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION30(3) Machining condition screen (For details, see II.13.)Cutting condition data for the conversational automaticprogramming function is set and displayed on this screen. Thecutting condition data for all possible combinations of tools andmaterials to...

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION31(5) Chuck and tail stock figure data screen (For details, see II.13.)Data on the chuck and tail stock figures displayed together with thematerial figure on the check drawing screen is set and displayed.<EXT.101 OUTERT0101RN0.400 AC110 AN50 TL20.00...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION32(7) Program menu screen (Edit the processing program) (For details, seeII.6.)This screen appears first when a machining program is created oredited using the conversational automatic programming function.The program numbers and names of all machining...

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION33(9) Figure data programming screen (Edit the processing program) (Fordetails, see II.6.)Dimension data required for machining is entered and displayed on thisscreen. All processes except for the end facing processes consist of theprocess data explai...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION34EDIT THE PROCESSING PROGRAM[CAP.]NO. =0001 NAME=PRG–11INITAL SETMATERIAL SHAPE OUT–DIAIN–DIA WORK–LNGMAX–S COOLANTFC25 BAR 100.000100.0002000ONFINISHX FINISHZ E–REMOVL0.100 0.200 2.000PROC(01)AREA TOOL–NO CUT–SPD FEED/REV CUT–...

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION35(11) Tooling data screen (For details, see II.12.)A list of tool data for the tools used in the currently selectedmachining program is displayed on this screen.< *** TOOLING DATA ***[CAP.] PAGE 01/01PROCPROCNAMEUSINGTOOLGEOMETRY OFS XGEO...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION36(13) Setting of pre–machining (Processing simulation) (For details, seeII.12.)Operation guidance for specifying the optimal position at which tochange tools is indicated on this screen. Follow the instructions onthe screen to automatically determi...

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION37In Super CAP T for two–path lathes used with the Series 16–TB, a screenfor tool post 2 is added to each screen explained in Super CAP T forone–path lathes used with the Series 16–TB.A screen for tool post 1 is the same as the corresponding sc...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION38(4) Pre–tool list screen (For details, see II.13.)Pre–tool list data is specified separately for tool posts 1 and 2. Twotool posts are displayed on the screen.<101#L OUTERT0101RN0.400 AC110 AN50 TW20.000102#R OUTEPT0101PN0.500 AC90 AN60 TW30....

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION39(7) Program menu screen (Edit the processing program) (For details, seeII.6.)A machining program is used in common by both tool posts 1 and2. This screen is also common for the two tool posts.(8) Program screen (Edit the processing program) (For det...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION40(10) Tooling data screen (For details, see II.12.)Different tools are used for each tool post. The tooling data menusfor both tool posts appear on the screen at the same time.< HEAD–L *** HEAD–L TOOLING DATA *** [CAP.:HEAD–L] ...

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    B–62444E–1/044. TYPES OF SCREENSOPERATION41(12) Setting of pre–machining screen (Processing simulation) (Fordetails, see II.12.)Operation guidance for specifying the optimal position at which tochange tools is indicated for each tool post.PROCESSING SIMULATION *** SETTING OF PRE–MACING...

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    4. TYPES OF SCREENSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION42(14) Machining simulation for two–tool–post lathes or two–path latheswith one spindle (For details, see II.7.)With lathes of these types, a single workpiece is simultaneouslymachined with tool posts 1 and 2. The machining status is displayedo...

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    B–62444E–1/045. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSOPERATION435 DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSThe following explains the coordinate systems used in the conversationalautomatic programming function.

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    5. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMS B–62444E–1/04OPERATION44The machine coordinate system is set as follows:""""""""""""""""""""SpindleChuck+Z+XMachine zero pointTool postThe above figure show...

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    B–62444E–1/045. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSOPERATION45The machine coordinate system previously mentioned is peculiar to aspecific machine. It is determined uniquely regardless of the workpiecesand tools used.Another coordinate system is required for each tool to preventprogrammed posit...

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    5. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION46When a machining program is created by entering data conversationally,the dimensions are specified with respect to the reference positionpeculiar to a workpiece. This reference position is called the programreference position.The pr...

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    B–62444E–1/045. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSOPERATION47In two–path lathes with two spindles, coordinate systems used for toolposts 1 and 2 are the same as those for one–path lathes except that thedirection of the Z–axis is opposite in coordinate systems for tool post 2.The followin...

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    5. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION48In a workpiece coordinate system used for tool post 2, like in the machinecoordinate system for tool post 2, the direction of the Z–axis is oppositethat used for tool post 1.(1) When the origin of a workpiece coordinate system is p...

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    B–62444E–1/045. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSOPERATION49In a program coordinate system used for tool post 2, like in the machinecoordinate system for tool post 2, the direction of the Z–axis is oppositethat used for tool post 1.(1) When the program reference position is placed on the ed...

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    5. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION50In two–path lathes with one spindle, coordinate systems used for toolposts 1 and 2 are the same as those for one–path lathes except that thedirection of the X–axis is opposite in coordinate systems for tool post 2.The following...

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    B–62444E–1/045. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSOPERATION51In a workpiece coordinate system used for tool post 2, like in the machinecoordinate system for tool post 2, the direction of the X–axis is oppositethat used for tool post 1.(1) When the origin of a workpiece coordinate system is p...

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    5. DESCRIPTION OF COORDINATE SYSTEMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION52In a two–path lathe with one spindle and two tool posts, a programcoordinate system used for tool post 2 is the same as that for tool post 1.(1) When the program reference position is placed on the edge of aworkpiece""&qu...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION536 CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION54The format of machining programs created using the conversationalautomatic programming function is different from that of NC–formatmachining programs.An NC–format machining program consists of NC block instructions inwhich G codes, axi...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION55In the Two–path lathes, an NC–format machining program is createdseparately for each tool post, tool post 1 or 2, and is stored. EachNC–format machining program is totally independent.In a conversational machining program, each mach...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION56Select the conversational mode before creating a machining programusing the conversational automatic programming function.To enter the conversational mode, use the Conversation button on themachine operator’s panel by referring to the op...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION57Press the [1] soft key to create a new machining program on the mainmenu.A number and name can be specified for a machining program using theconversational automatic programming function.When entering the DEMONSTRATION program with number ...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION58Initial settings are commonly used in a conversational machiningprogram.ÃÃÃÃPREP A NEW PROCESS PROGRAM[CAP.:HEAD–L]NO. =0120NAME= MSTUINITAL SET MATERIAL SHAPE OUT–DIAIN–DIAWORK–LNGMAX–S COOLANTFC25 BAR 100.000145.0002000ONFI...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION59The selection of the workpiece figure, for either blank rods or blankplates, determines the subordinate input data items for blank dimensions.(1) When BAR is selected as the workpiece figurePREP A NEW PROCESS PROGRAM[CAP.:HEAD–L]NO. =012...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION60(2) When RGH SHAPE is selected as the workpiece figureTo specify the figure of a blank plate, enter the coordinates of up to 12points for each of the outer and inner surfaces of the figure in the programcoordinate system.PREP A NEW PROCESS...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION61########################################################################################################Example) Cross–section of molding materialPoints on the outer surfaceCoordinates of point (1) = (X1, Z1)Coordinates of point (2) = (...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION62MAX–S (maximum spindle speed) : Maximum spindle speed underconstant surface–speed controlCOOLANT: Coolant commonly used in this machiningprogram. Select the appropriate coolant using thefollowing soft keys.–ON–––––––O...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION63WARNINGAfter you enter or copy the initialization data, make sure that all data is correct.Material:Select the same material as the actual workpiece from the materialmenu. If the desired material is not on the menu, discontinuemachining t...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION64(1) Entering or changing dataPress the soft key corresponding to the desired menu. For somemenus, the guidance is shown on the window.Use the numeric keys and the INPUT key to enter data.(2) Terminating the initial setting entryAfter ente...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION65A machining program consists of several processes, or units ofmachining.Process data, such as the type of machining, tools to be used, and cuttingconditions, is set and displayed on the process data screen.Data which must be set in this sc...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION66(1) Entering or changing dataUse the soft key to select the menu. Use the numeric keys andINPUT key to enter data.(2) Automatic determination of tools to be used and cutting conditionsTools to be used and cutting conditions are automatica...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION67(4) Soft keysThe following soft keys are displayed when the cursor is positionedat the process data items.<DELETE INSERT PRGRMENDMCHN–C TOOL–DPLOTWINDOWOFFPROCESEDITDETAILDATA+[DELETE]: Deletes the current process. Pressing this so...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION68All processes, except for end facing, turning and drilling, miscellaneousmachining, and sub–call processes consist of process data (explained inthe previous section) and figure data.The figure data screen is used to enter and display fig...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION69(2) Selecting a figureA menu of figures appears on the lower part of the screen. Select afigure by pressing the corresponding soft key.<°±²ROUNDPLOT³CHAMFR+<¾½¼PLOT¿TANGNTFIGUREEND+(3) Entering contour dataWhen a figure has ...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION70WARNINGWhen entering contour data, make sure that the specifiedshape is the one that can be machined according to themachining type and area selected as the process data.If an incorrect shape is specified, the tool may bump againstthe work...

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    B–62444E–1/046. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION71<PROC (03)AREAHEAD THRD–TYPE THRD–ANGL CUT–METHDLEADTHREADINGOUTERHEAD–LGENERL60 AMNT–SNGL1.000TOOL–NOCUT–SPDCUT–DPTHCHAMFERT–CODE251800.200ON0101STAT–XSTAT–ZEND–XEND–X100.0000.000100.000DELETE INSERT FIGUREEND...

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    6. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION72Based on an existing machining program, a new machining program canbe created with some modifications to the existing program.Press the [2] soft key on the main menu to display the registered–programdirectory screen On the registered pro...

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    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION737 CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMS

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    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION74On the main menu screen, press the [2] soft key to call theregistered–program directory screen for editing.On the registered–program directory screen for editing, enter the numberof the desired machining program using numeric keys. Al...

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    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION75Machining typeDescription of drawingNECK (necking)The corners to be necked are drawn with arcs.CENTER (center drilling)The sectional hole figure is drawn with straightlines based on nominal diameter and cuttingedge angle data registered in...

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    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION76B=½X= 95.000Z= 14.000I=K/J= 75.000Q=) SR=5PREP A NEW PROCESS PROGRAMNO. = 0194NAME =PRG–11PROC (02)TRANS.PROC(03)AREACUT–DPTH T–CODEBAR (R)OUTER END8.0000202PROC (01)AREAFEED/REV T–CODEBAR (R)OUTER END 0.200202START ↑ ...

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    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION77Even if the machine is not actually operated, the machining tool path canbe displayed.When this function is used, it is not necessary to operate the machine.However, the requirements for starting the actual NC operation of themachine must ...

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    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION78Before checking a drawing, select a machining program created byconversational programming by following the procedure describedbelow:(1) Display the main menu screen, then change the system to the MEMmode.(2) Press the [3] and [PROCESSING ...

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    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION79(4) To display the simulated drawing of a chuck or tail stock, press the[PRE–EX] soft key. The setting screen before execution isdisplayed. On the setting screen, enter the following data:OUTPUT (Specified T code)T : Need not be setW...

  • Page 93

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION80When the [ANIMA.], [ANIMA + RT.CH], or [RT.CH] key is pressed, thefollowing simulation screen is displayed:ÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ ...

  • Page 94

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION81The above soft keys are valid only during machining simulation.Animated drawings showing the actual machining status can also bedisplayed during machining (drawing during machining). To do this,press the GRAPH key to display the screen il...

  • Page 95

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION82Sample of screen displayed during NC program conversion)NXT G00X 0.000 ZZ 55. 900C 0. 000G01Z–49. 9F0.5;X159.5Z– 49.9;X160.;0M23S500% MEM STRT *** *** 11:31:35 EDITSPEEDUPSPEEDDOWNPLOTPROGON/OFFHEADWORKPIECEPROCESEXECSINGLE...

  • Page 96

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION83(1) Enlarging a figureWhile the soft keys, described in the previous section, are displayed,press the [+] key. The [ENLARG] key is displayed.Press the [ENLARG] soft key. The following soft keys aredisplayed. The coordinates of the scree...

  • Page 97

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION84NOTE1 If increasing the scale magnification or modifying thecoordinates of the screen center causes the workpiece toexceed the range of the screen, the machining simulationmay not be executed normally.2 If increasing the scale magnificatio...

  • Page 98

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION85If the Y–axis machining function is supported, the following machiningsimulation screen is displayed:XX 30.000Z –20.000C 90.000Y –10.000ACT G01X 0.000Z 0.000C 0.000Y 0.000NXT G01X 0.000Z 0.000C 0.000Y 0....

  • Page 99

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION86If movement about the C–axis is specified for Y–axis side facing, themachining face is switched. The machining faces need not meet at rightangles as shown above. Five or more faces can be machined. Themachining statuses for the fift...

  • Page 100

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION87On Super CAP T, the under– mentiond data are memorized at each CAPprograms. And these NC data are automatically rewritten when Directoperation of CAP program or Convert to NC program or Processingsimulation are execution selected.(1) Wor...

  • Page 101

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION88When the parameter described in 7.4.2 is set to 1, the following processingwill be done.(1) Following data are saved, rewritten, restored when Processingsimulation is executed.Save/ restore → Nose R offset (geometry, wear) imaginary nose...

  • Page 102

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION89When offset data save restore function is effecive, the condition that isable to start is limited. For understand easily, information of selectingcondition is displayed on the right of the screen. *** PROGRAM MENU ***SIMU [CAP. HEAD– L]E...

  • Page 103

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION90Tool changing position is fixed to the following temporary position whichis not related to the NC parameter No. 1241 (the second referenceposition) .In case of program zero point is workpiece endX material length +100 (when unit is inch, ...

  • Page 104

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION91With the Super CAP II T, it is possible to perform cutting simulation forturning, using a solid model. After simulation, the display of thesimulated cut product can be rotated.It is also possible to make a line drawing of a tool trajector...

  • Page 105

    7. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION92Offset data save and restorefunction is effective?yesExecute processing simulation?yesnono#1=material length#2=material diameterProgram zero point is workpiece end?yes#1=0 (material length clear)noInput unit is mm?noinch unit#1=15+#1#2=10+...

  • Page 106

    B–62444E–1/047. CHECKING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION93/*Offset data save and restore function G30→ G00 replace operation/*/*INPUTP9766#3(OSV)/*Input Macro parameter #20666 material length/*#20667 material outer diamiter/*#20737 input unit/*#20794 program zero point/*#9127state of execution/...

  • Page 107

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION948 EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSWARNINGWhen editing a machining program, be sure to confirm that thechanges are correct. If you have made a mistake in changing,be sure to correct it, because the previous state of the programhas not be saved.If...

  • Page 108

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION95To display the registered–program directory screen for editing, press the[2] and [EDIT THE PROCESSING PROGRAM] soft keys on the mainmenu screen.EDIT THE PROCESSING PROGRAM *** PROGRAM MENU ***CAP.:HEAD–L<(REST NO. OF PROGRAM 15 PC...

  • Page 109

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION96NOTE1 As the cycle time data, a calculated machining time isdisplayed when machining simulation is performed.Depending on the conditions, the actual machining timemay differ from a calculated machining time. When amachining program is actu...

  • Page 110

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION97A process can be deleted or added by pressing the [DELETE] or[INSERT] soft key shown below.< DELETE INSERT PRGRMENDMCHN–C TOOL–DPLOTWINDOWOFFPROCESEDITDETAILDATA+If the soft keys shown above are not displayed, press the rightmost [+]...

  • Page 111

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION98To change the process data, move the cursor to the part to be changedusing a cursor key. Enter new numeric data using numeric keys, thenpress the INPUT key.To delete the entered data, press the CAN key, then the INPUT key.To change the mac...

  • Page 112

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION99The contour data of bar machining can be changed by the data entered forautomatic figure computing.By performing this operation, cross and contact points of the changedcontour block and the preceding and subsequent figure blocks arerecomput...

  • Page 113

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION100(4) Using a cursor key, move the cursor to the part of the contour datato be changed.(5) Using numeric keys, enter new numeric data, then press the INPUTkey.(6) Press the [ALTER] soft key.(7) The contour is recomputed and the results are d...

  • Page 114

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION101(1) Using a cursor key, move the cursor to the figure block to bechanged. The entered data is displayed in the window guidance.(2) Press the [ALTER FIGURE] soft key. If soft keys are not displayed,press the rightmost [+] soft key for sev...

  • Page 115

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION102Changing chamfering (C2) to rounding (R3)PROC (01) AREA HEAD ROUGHNESTOOL–NOCUT–SPD FEED/REVT–CODEBAR (R) OUTER END HEAD–L 5102800.250101 STARTX= 20.000 Z= 0.000 ²X= 20.000 Z= 30.000 ...

  • Page 116

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION103(1) Using a cursor key, move the cursor to the figure block to befollowed by a new figure.(2) Press the [INSERT] soft key.(3) The graphic pattern menu is displayed on the soft keys. Press the softkey of the figure to be added.<°±²RO...

  • Page 117

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION104Adding rounding (R3)< WINDOWOFFINSERT ALTERMCHN–C TOOL–DPLOTALTERFIGUREDELETEDETAILDATADIRECTIONB=¾ TAPER END X CORD.X=TAPER END Z CORD.Z=COMPONENTXI=COMPONENT Z/ANGLE K/J= 45.000LENGTHQ=ROUGHNESS(1–10)SR= 5 CONTR FORM(TAPER ...

  • Page 118

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION105(1) Using a cursor key, move the cursor to the figure block preceding thepart to be deleted.(2) Press the [DELETE] soft key.(3) The message for confirming the operation and the soft keys aredisplayed as shown below. To cancel the operatio...

  • Page 119

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION106Machining programs created by conversational programming can bemoved, deleted, copied, and searched for in units of processes on theprocess editing screen. Two methods are available to display the process directory screen.(1) Displaying t...

  • Page 120

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION107The ratio of the machining time of each process to that of the entiremachining program is indicated in a bar chart at the bottom of the screen.NOTEThe machining time described above is displayed aftersimulation or actual machining is compl...

  • Page 121

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION108If a two–path lathe with the Series 16–TB is used, a process can be movedbetween the two tool posts.When the process is moved to the other tool post, the tools used in thedestination tool post is automatically selected. The tools requ...

  • Page 122

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION109NOTE1 A process can be moved to the other tool post only in anautomatically scheduled program. For automaticscheduling, see Section 8.7, “Automatic Scheduling.”2 The following processes cannot be moved to the other toolpost:D Drilling...

  • Page 123

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION110The contents of a machining program can be deleted in units of processes.On the process directory screen, move the cursor to the process to bedeleted and press the [DELETE] soft key. The following operationguidance is displayed.CANCELEXEC...

  • Page 124

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION111In a machining program which has just been created in conversationalprogramming, a process contains both rough machining and finishmachining. When the machining program is executed, the processes areexecuted in order in which they were en...

  • Page 125

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION112By performing the operation above, an automatically scheduled programis created.If the [CANCEL] soft key is pressed, the automatic scheduling iscanceled.On the registered–program directory screen, the new machining programcreated by auto...

  • Page 126

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION113In automatic scheduling, processes are divided and arranged so that allrough machining is executed first.(1) Dividing processesEach of the processes of i to iv listed below contains rough machining andfinish machining. The process is divi...

  • Page 127

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION114When automatic scheduling is executed, the processes are divided asdescribed above and automatically arranged in the following order.Group of rough machining processes ↓Group of finish machining processes ↓Group of threading and C–ax...

  • Page 128

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION115v.TRANS processesA TRANS process (available only with two–path lathes with theSeries 16/18–TTA) divides the programs for tool posts 1 and 2.In automatic scheduling, the TRANS process is set at the end of theprogram of tool post 1 and a...

  • Page 129

    8. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION116On the registered–program directory screen for editing, enter the numberof the machining program to be deleted. Alternatively, move the cursorto the program number. Then press the [DELETE] soft key. The messagefor verifying the operat...

  • Page 130

    B–62444E–1/048. EDITING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION117By pressing [8] (EDIT NC PROGRAM) on the main menu screen, an NCprogram can be edited without changing the conversational mode. Thistype of editing is automatically performed in the background, eliminatingthe need to change the mode to E...

  • Page 131

    9. OUTPUTTING MACHINING PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION1189 OUTPUTTING MACHINING PROGRAMSA conversational machining program can be output and saved in anexternal memory unit via the reader/punch interface.On the registered-program directory screen for editing, enter the numberof the machining ...

  • Page 132

    B–62444E–1/0410. READING MACHINING PROGRAMSOPERATION11910 READING MACHINING PROGRAMSThe machining program output by the operation described in Chapter 9can be read by the NC machine via the reader/punch interface.Before starting reading, be sure to release the memory protect switch onthe mach...

  • Page 133

    11.CONVERTING MACHINING PROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION12011CONVERTING MACHINING PROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSA machining program created by conversational programming can beexecuted. The program can also be converted into an NC program and theNC program can be executed and chang...

  • Page 134

    B–62444E–1/0411. CONVERTING MACHININGPROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSOPERATION121On the main menu, press the [5] and [CONVERT TO NC PROGRAM]soft keys. The registered–program directory screen for conversion to NCprogram is displayed.CONVERT TO NC PROGRAM *** PROGRAM MEMU ***[CAP.: HEAD–L]<PR...

  • Page 135

    11.CONVERTING MACHINING PROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION122When converting a machining program to an NC program, select theMEM mode.On the registered–program directory screen, enter the number of themachining program to be converted to an NC program using numerickeys. Altern...

  • Page 136

    B–62444E–1/0411. CONVERTING MACHININGPROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSOPERATION123NOTE1 During conversion to the NC program, the drawing speed onthe simulation screen is lower than usual. An arc may bedisplayed as a polygon.2 If the leftmost [<] soft key (super return) is pressed when theconversi...

  • Page 137

    11.CONVERTING MACHINING PROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSB–62444E–1/04OPERATION124While the machining program is being converted into the NC program,the machining program is running for machining operation or checkdrawing. A P/S alarm may occur because of the contents of the machiningprogram or the ...

  • Page 138

    B–62444E–1/0411. CONVERTING MACHININGPROGRAMS INTO NC PROGRAMSOPERATION125Before the machining program converted into the NC program is outputto an external memory unit via the reader/punch interface, the followingmust be set in the same way as for outputting of an ordinary program.(1) Select...

  • Page 139

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION12612 DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMSCREATED CONVERSATIONALLYWARNINGDirect operation of a machining program created using aconversational function may cause data such as a work shiftamount, tool ...

  • Page 140

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION127Select the MEM mode on the main menu. Then, press the [4] soft key(DIRECT OPERATION OF CAP PROGRAM) to display theregistered–program directory screen for direct operation.DIRECT OPERATION OF CAP PR...

  • Page 141

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION128On the registered–program directory screen for direct operation, positionthe cursor at the machining program to be executed. Alternatively, enterthe number of the program to be executed with the nu...

  • Page 142

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION129Example of a setting screen before execution in the Series 16T–B for atwo–path latheWARNINGIf data such as a work shift amount, turret rotation position(second reference position data), chuck barr...

  • Page 143

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION130BASIS TT : T code of a tool for which a chuck barrier isspecifiedW–SHIFT(INC)SZ : Increment or decrement of the workpieceshift along the Z axis. The current workpiece shift is displayed atthe botto...

  • Page 144

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION131(1) Setting screen prior to execution when bit 1 (PRD) of parameter No.9775 is set to 1DIRECT OPERATION OF CAP PRG *** PRE–MACHINING ***[CAP.: HEAD–L]HEAD–LHEAD–RBASIS T–CODET=FACE POSITION...

  • Page 145

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION132NOTE1 For details of the chuck/tailstock barrier function, see therelevant operator’s manual for the NC.2 When the optional chuck/tailstock barrier function,supported by the NC side, is selected, th...

  • Page 146

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION133(3) Tailstock barrier data when the optional chuck/tailstock barrierfunction is selectedIn the same way as for chuck barrier data, the following soft keys aredisplayed when the cursor is positioned to...

  • Page 147

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION134(4) Notes on the setting screen, displayed before execution For each conversational machining program, the data items listedbelow are memorized.(a) Workpiece shift amount (SZ)(b) Chuck barrier data (X...

  • Page 148

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION135By pressing [TOOLING] on the registered–program directory screen,setting screen before execution, or process directory screen, the toolingdata screen is displayed.Processes and data for the tools be...

  • Page 149

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION136When any of the above data items is rewritten, thesame data, held in the tool file, is modified at thesame time.T–CODE:T code for cach toolWhen the T code value of a tool is rewritten, the Tcode val...

  • Page 150

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION137NOTE1 The window displays the tool data for the tool to which thecursor is positioned. The displayed data cannot, however,be modified.2 When [PREPARE] is pressed, the tool offset measurementguidance...

  • Page 151

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION138(1) Manual reference position return operationFirst, manually return to the reference position. When referenceposition return has been performed previously, this screen is notdisplayed.Operation) Aft...

  • Page 152

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION139(2) Tool indexingThe tool index request screen appears after the reference positionreturn request screen described in the previous section. The tool tobe measured is indexed from the machine operator...

  • Page 153

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION140(3) Measuring compensation along the Z–axisThe screen for measuring compensation along the Z–axis appearsafter the tool index request screen described in the previous section.The compensation is m...

  • Page 154

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION141(4) Measuring the compensation along the X–axisThe screen for measuring the compensation along the X–axisappears after the screen for measuring compensation along theZ–axis described in the prev...

  • Page 155

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION142(5) Measuring the outside diameter of a workpieceThe screen for measuring the diameter of a workpiece appears afterthe screen for measuring the compensation along the X–axis.Measure the diameter of ...

  • Page 156

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION143When a tool setter is provided, tool geometry compensation is measuredin the same manner as for when no tool setter is used. The compensationis measured by calling the setup guidance screen on the to...

  • Page 157

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION144(2) Measurement using a sensorThe above operations display the screen for measuringcompensation using a sensor. Measure the compensation bymanually bringing the tool into contact with the sensor.In t...

  • Page 158

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION145When the tool touches the sensor, the sensor to be touched next isautomatically displayed.Operation)Manually bring the tool into contact with the specified sensor. [CAP.: HEAD–L]101#0...

  • Page 159

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION146WARNINGBefore using a chuck barrier supported by the conversationalfunction, make sure that the barrier area data is set correctly,that the barrier function works at the correct position, and thatthe ...

  • Page 160

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION147(a) For external claw chucksÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄToolMove the tool to the upper right...

  • Page 161

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION148(2) Details of the chuck barrierThe Chuck barrier uses the second limit of the extended stored strokecheck function. When this function is used for other purposes, thechuck barrier is not available. ...

  • Page 162

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION149WOX: Tool wear compensation (X)WSX: Shift of the X coordinate in the workpiececoordinate system (X)D: Outside diameter of the workpieceL’: Workpiece lengthGOZ: Tool geometry compensation (Z)WOZ: Too...

  • Page 163

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION150(b) For internal claw chucks (turning tool)f’ge’eWW1bL1cÃÃÃHL’dLb’fa(1) Calculation of each pointa: Chuck reference position specified on thesetting screen before executionb’: X = GOX + W...

  • Page 164

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION151(2) When machining is suppressed in the area formed by points a, b’, e’,and f’Bar machining: Outer surface near the edges, outer surface away from theedges, end faces near the edges, end faces a...

  • Page 165

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION152(c) External claw chucks (rotating tool)f”f’fWeLL1W1a”aa’bb’b”DL’e”e’cd(1) Calculation of each pointa’: X = X–coordinate of the chuck referenceposition specified on the setting s...

  • Page 166

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION153D: Outside diameter of a workpieceL’: Workpiece lengthGOZ: Tool geometry compensation (Z)WOZ: Tool wear compensation (Z)WSZ: Shift of the Z coordinate in the workpiececoordinate system (Z)CL: Amount...

  • Page 167

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION154(1) Calculation of each pointa’: X = X–coordinate of the chuck referenceposition specified on the setting screenbefore executionZ = Z–coordinate of the chuck referenceposition specified on the s...

  • Page 168

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION155(2) When machining is suppressed in the area formed by points a’, b’,e’, and f’C–axis center drilling: Side faceC–axis drilling: Side faceC–axis tapping: Side faceC–axis grooving: Side...

  • Page 169

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION156–Machining programs created conversationally can be executed in theconversational mode. It can be also executed after being converted to theNC–format program.(1) Execution in the conversational m...

  • Page 170

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION157When a conversational machining program is executed directly, a feedrateoverride value can be memorized for each process.This function can be enabled by setting bit 7 (OPB) of parameter No. 9765to 1.(...

  • Page 171

    12. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYB–62444E–1/04OPERATION158(2) Override playbackWhen a conversational machining program, for which overrideteaching is performed, is executed, its memorized override valuesare automatically applied (override playback).In this c...

  • Page 172

    B–62444E–1/0412. DIRECT OPERATION FOR MACHINING PROGRAMS CREATED CONVERSATIONALLYOPERATION159A machining program that was created conversationally, and which hasbeen converted to an NC program, can be executed in exactly the sameway as an ordinary NC program.The parameters listed below allow...

  • Page 173

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION16013 SETTING DATABefore creating a program in the conversational mode, data items such asTOOL DATA and MACHINING CONDITION must be set.These data items are used for the automatic selection of a tool and theautomatic determination of machining conditions....

  • Page 174

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION161WARNINGWhen creating a machining program using a conversationalfunction, make sure that all necessary data among the tooldata, cutting condition data, surface roughness data, pre–toollist, and chuck/tailstock data is set correctly.If this data is not...

  • Page 175

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION162As shown below, tools to be registered are assigned to tool managementnumbers according to the type of machining.101 to 149:Outer surface machining201 to 249:End facing301 to 349:Threading on the inner surface401 to 449:End facing on the inner bottom50...

  • Page 176

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION163Selecting the tool data screen on the tool data menu screen calls the tooldata directory screen.REST No. OF TOOL=92[CAP. :HEAD–L]< *** TOOL FILE LIST ***101#01OUTTERT0505 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000102#02OUTTERT0101 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000103#02OUTT...

  • Page 177

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION164(1) Registering a new toolPress the soft key [TOOL ENTRY], then press the soft keycorresponding to the desired tool. 101#01OUTTERT0505RN 0.400AC 90AN 60TW 20.000102#02OUTTERT0101RN 0.400AC 90AN 60TW 20.000103#02OUTTERT0202RN 0.400AC 90AN 60TW 20.000[CA...

  • Page 178

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION165(2) Deleting a tool data itemMove the cursor to the tool data item to be deleted and press the softkey [DELETE]. The following prompt and soft keys are thendisplayed:CANCEL DELETE→ SFTKYDELETE REALLY? YES: [DELETE]NO: [CANCEL]NO. =<+TOOLLISTPress...

  • Page 179

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION166[CAP. :HEAD–L]<101#01OUTTERT0505 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000102#02OUTTERT0101 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000103#02OUTTERT0202 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 101TOOL TYPE OUTTER (HEAD–L)TOOL DIRECROUGH/FINCOMMONOUTPUT T0505REVO...

  • Page 180

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION167(1) Outer surface ()(2) Outer surface ( )ÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃ(4) Inner surface ()ÃÃ(3) Inner surface ( )ÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃÃ...

  • Page 181

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION168:Specify by pressing one of the [ROUGH], [FIN],and [COMMON] soft keys.:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (Four digits/six digits):Direction in which a spindle rotates duringcutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] (= M03) or [RE...

  • Page 182

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION169:Need to be set only when the figure of a tool tobe drawn is determined.TWTW:Position of a virtual tool tip when compensatingthe tool tip radius Example of setting)(1) Outer surface (right hand/round nose tool) =3(2) Outer surface (left hand) = 4(3) In...

  • Page 183

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION170[CAP. :HEAD–L]<*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 251TOOL TYPE OUTR TH (HEAD–L)OUTPUT T0404REVOLUT.–D NORMALNOSE–RADIS RN= 0.000NOSE ANGLE AN=60NOSE WIDTH TW=40.000TL MATRIAL TM=CARBIDRNANTWTOOLFIGURETOOLLISTMENURETURN103#02OUTTERT0202 RN0.4...

  • Page 184

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION171:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (Four digits/six digits):Direction in which a spindle rotates duringcuttingSpecify by pressing the [NORMAL] (= M03) or[REVERS] (= M04) soft key.:Need not be set.:See the following figures.AN:Ne...

  • Page 185

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION172[CAP. :HEAD–L]103#02OUTTERT0202 RN0.400 AC90AN60TW20.000251#01OUTR THT0404 RN0.000 AN60TW40.000451#01OUTR GRT1212 RN0.000 WN 3.000AA90TL15.000452#02OUTR GRT1212 RN0.200 WN 3.000AA90TL5.000601#01DRILLT0808 RN20.000 AC118TL170.000*** TOOL DATA (1) ***T...

  • Page 186

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION173(3) Grooving on inner surfaces ( )(5) Grooving on end faces ( )(6) Grooving on end faces () : Programming point:Specify by pressing one of the [ROUGH], [FIN],and [COMMON] soft keys.:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (Four dig...

  • Page 187

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION174:Width of the cutting edge of a grooving toolWN:(1) Grooving on outer surfaces(2) Grooving on inner surfacesAAAA(3) Grooving on end facesAA : Effective length of a grooving tool tipTLNOSE WIDTH (WN)SLANT ANGLE (AA)CUTTR LNGT (TL)

  • Page 188

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION175:Position of a virtual tool tip whencompensating the tool tip radius Example of setting)(1) Grooving on outer surfaces (left referenceposition) = 3(2) Grooving on outer surfaces (rightreference position) = 4(3) Grooving on inner surfaces (left referenc...

  • Page 189

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION176*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 601TOOL TYPEDRILL(HEAD–L)TOOL DIRECFACEMILLING/TRN COMMONOUTPUT T0303REVOLUT.–DNORMALNOMINL–DDD=20.000NOSE ANGLEAC=118CUTTER LNGT TL=60.000TL MATRIALTM=CARBID[CAP. :HEAD–L]AC<TOOLFIGURETOOLLISTMENURETURNDDF...

  • Page 190

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION177:Specify by pressing one of the [TURN],[MILLNG], and [COMMON] soft keys.[MILLNG]: Milling tools for C–axis/Y–axismachining[TURN]: Tools for turning[COMMON] : Tools that are used for bothmilling and turning:T–code to be output when a machining pro...

  • Page 191

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION178[CAP. :HEAD–L]PT*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 651TOOL TYPETAP (HEAD–L)TOOL DIRECFACEMILLING/TRN COMMONOUTPUT T0303REVOLUT.–DNORMALNOMINL–DDD=20.00PITCHPT= 1.500CUTTER LNGT TL=60.000TL MATRIALTM=CARBID602#01DRILL (F) T0808 DD25.000 AC180TL9...

  • Page 192

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION179:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (T4 digits/T6 digits):Direction in which a spindle or rotating toolrotates during cutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] (= M03) or[REVERS] (= M04) soft key.:Nominal diameter of a tap:Pitch o...

  • Page 193

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION180[CAP. :HEAD–L]*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 701TOOL TYPEDRILL (HEAD–R)TOOL DIRECFACEMILLING/TRN COMMONOUTPUT T0303REVOLUT.–DNORMALNOMINL–DDD= 2.000MAX DIA DT=10.000NOSE ANGLEAC=90CUT DPTHCD= 2.000TL MATRIALTM=CARBIDDD603#01DRILL(S) T0909 D...

  • Page 194

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION181:Specify by pressing one of the [TURN],[MILLNG], and [COMMON] soft keys.:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (T4 digits/T6 digits):Direction in which a spindle or rotating toolrotates during cutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL...

  • Page 195

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION182*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 631TOOL TYPETRW–AWY(HEAD–L)TOOL DIRECFACEMILLING/TRN COMMONOUTPUT T0303REVOLUT.–DNORMALNOMINL–DDD=20.000NOSE ANGLEAC=180.000CUTR LNGTTL=60.000TL MATRIALTM=CARBID[CAP. :HEAD–L]451#01OUTER GRT1212 RN 0.000WN3....

  • Page 196

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION183:DD: Nominal diameter of a throw–away drill:AC: Point angle of a drill for throw–away drill(Normally 180°):TL: Effective drill lengthNOMINL–DNOSE ANGLECUTR LNGT

  • Page 197

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION184[CAP. :HEAD–L]TR*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 751TOOL TYPEENDMILL(HEAD–R)TOOL DIRECFACEROUGH/FINCOMMONOUTPUT T1414REVOLUT.–DNORMALTOOL RADISTR= 5.000NUM OF BLAEN=3CUTTER LNGT TL=10.000IMGNRY NOSTD=0TL MATRIALTM=CARBID<TOOLFIGURETOOLLISTME...

  • Page 198

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION185:Specify by pressing one of the [ROUGH], [FIN],and [COMMON] soft keys.:T–code to be output when a machining programis executed (T4 digits/T6 digits):Direction in which a rotating tool rotates duringcutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] or[REVERS] ...

  • Page 199

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION186[CAP. :HEAD–L]*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 751TOOL TYPESIDE CU(HEAD–L)ROUGH/FINCOMMONOUTPUT T0707REVOLUT.–DNORMALNOSE WIDTHTW= 5.000TOOL RADISTR=30.000NUM OF BLAEN=12CUTTR LNGTTL=25.000IMGNRY NOSTD=0TL MATRIALTM=CARBIDTRTL752#02ENDMILL (F) ...

  • Page 200

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION187:Direction in which a rotating tool rotates duringcutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] or[REVERS] soft key.:Width of a side cutter:Radius of a side cutterWhen bit 0 (TL) of parameter 9774 is set to1, the cutter compensation value in aconversational...

  • Page 201

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION188[CAP. :HEAD–L]*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 851TOOL TYPE CHAMFER(HEAD–L)TOOL DIREC FACEOUTPUT T1313REVOLUT.–D NORMALTOOL RADIS TR=15.000SMALL DIAM MD= 5.000NOSE ANGLE AN=90NOS CLRLNC CL= 2.000IMGNRY NOS TD=0TL MATRIAL TM=CARBIDTR753#01ENDMIL...

  • Page 202

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION189:Direction in which a rotating tool rotates duringcutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] or[REVERS] soft key.:Radius of a chamfering toolNOTETo execute chamfering, calculate the required cuttercompensation value, then overwrite the wear compensationv...

  • Page 203

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION190[CAP. :HEAD–L]851#01CHAMFER (F) T1313 TR15.000 MD5.000AN90CL2.000852#01CHAMFER (S) T1414 TR15.000 MD2.000AN90CL0.500901#01REAMAT1818 DD22.000 TL 70.000951#01BORET0707 TW20.000 TL 60.000*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 901TOOL TYPE REAMA(HEAD–L)TO...

  • Page 204

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION191:Specify by pressing one of the [TURN],[MILLNG], and [COMMON] soft keys.[MILLNG]: Milling tools for C–axis/Y–axismachining[TURN]: Tools for turning[COMMON] : Tools that are used for bothmilling and turning:T–code to be output when a machining p...

  • Page 205

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION192[CAP. :HEAD–L]*** TOOL DATA (1) ***TOOL–ID NO. 951TOOL TYPE BORE(HEAD–L)OUTPUT T0707REVOLUT.–D NORMALNOSE WIDTH TW= 20.000CUTTR LNGT TL= 60.000TL MATRIAL TM=CARBIDTW852#01CHAMFER (S) T1414 TR15.000 MD 2.000AN90CL0.500901#01REAMAT1818 DD22.000 T...

  • Page 206

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION193:Direction in which a spindle rotates duringcutting Specify by pressing the [NORMAL] (= M03) or[REVERS] (= M04) soft key.:Need to be set only when the figure of a toolto be drawn is determined.:Effective length of a boring toolTLTW:Specify by pressing ...

  • Page 207

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION194The following table lists tools that are automatically specified according to thetype of the machining and the area to be machined.Type of machiningArea to be machinedToolBar machining andpattern repeatingOuter surlaco edgeOuter–surface machiningOute...

  • Page 208

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION195Type of machiningToolArea to be machinedReamerReamer (end face turning)BoringBoring(end face turning)TappingTap(end face turning)C–axis center drillingEnd faceCenter drill(end face milling)Side faceCenter drill(side face milling)C–axis drillingEnd ...

  • Page 209

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION196Type of machiningToolArea to be machinedY–axis ReamerEnd faceReamer(end face turning)Side faceReamer(Side face turning)Y–axis TappingEnd faceTap(end face turning)Side faceTap(Side face turning)Y–axis MillingEnd faceEnd mill(end face)Side faceEnd ...

  • Page 210

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION197(1) Turning toolsUp to four points can be specified for a tip figure. Specify each pointclockwise from the origin (0, 0), plotting by a single stroke. The areaformed by these four points is filled.Up to six points can be specified for a shank figure....

  • Page 211

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION198When all data items required for the type of a tool have been entered, toolgeometry data for drawing is automatically specified as follows.(1) General–purpose cutting tools⋅Tool data usedTOOL DIREC, NOSE–ANGLE, CUTTING EDG, and NOSE WIDTH[Right s...

  • Page 212

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION199(2) Threading tools⋅Tool data usedTOOL DIREC, CUTTING EDG, and NOSE WIDTH[Outer surface]SW (shank width) = Tool widthSL (shank length) = SW*1.5TT (tip thickness) = SL/8Based on the cutting edge angle and above dimensions,values of points s1 to s6 for...

  • Page 213

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION200(3) Grooving tools⋅Tool data usedTOOL DIREC, NOSE–ANGLE, SLANT ANGLE, and effective lengtht1[Outer surface]Left reference pointSW (shank width) = Cutting edge width*8SL (shank length) = SW*1.5TT (tip length) = Effective lengthTW (tip width) = Cutti...

  • Page 214

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION201(4) Center drills⋅Tool data usedTOOL DIREC, NOMINAL DIA, NOSE ANGLE, and CUTTR LNGTHt4SW (shank width) = DD*3SL (shank length) = SWDD (nominal diameter) = Nominal diameter of a center drillCD (depth of cut) = Depth of cut by a center drillCDDDSLSWS5S...

  • Page 215

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION202(7) Round nose cutting tools⋅Tool data usedTOOL DIREC, tool tip radius, and NOSE WIDTHS1SW (shank width) = NOSE WIDTHSL (shank length) = SWTwo lines are drawn upward from the center of the circle, both ofwhich form 45 degrees with the X–axis. The ...

  • Page 216

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION203Pressing the [2] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for general–purpose tools.(1) Cutting condition data for rough machiningExample of operation to specify cutting conditions for rough machining). 5INPUT(F...

  • Page 217

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION204NOTE1 The cutting conditions for general–purpose tools need to bespecified when cutting conditions for bar machining orpattern repeating are automatically determined.Enter the following three items in the cutting condition datafor general–purpose t...

  • Page 218

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION205Pressing the [3] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for threading tools.To display the cutting condition data screen for each tool material, pressthe page key.Example of operation to specify cutting conditi...

  • Page 219

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION206Pressing the [4] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for grooving tools.To display the cutting condition data screen for each tool material, pressthe page key.Example of operation to specify cutting conditio...

  • Page 220

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION207Pressing the [5] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for drilling tools.To display the cutting condition data screen for each tool material, pressthe page key.Example of operation to specify cutting conditio...

  • Page 221

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION208Pressing the [6] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for tapping tools.To display the cutting condition data screen for each tool material, pressthe page key.Example of operation to specify cutting condition...

  • Page 222

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION209Pressing the [7] soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for C–axis machining tools such as ENDMIL,SIDCUT, and CHAMFR.To display the cutting condition data screen for each tool material, pressthe page key.Exam...

  • Page 223

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION210(1) Radial cutting(2) Axial cuttingTo display one of other cutting condition data screens for C–axis/Y–axismachining tools, press the desired soft key.NOTEFor end mills and side cutters, enter the following threeitems in the cutting condition data:...

  • Page 224

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION211Detailed cutting conditions can be specified by setting coefficients. Pressing the [8] ([7] soft key if the C–axis graphic conversation functionis not provided) soft key on the tool data menu screen displays the cuttingcondition data screen for speci...

  • Page 225

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION212NOTEThe coefficients for the reference feed amount must alwaysbe 1.000. Not all boundary values and coefficients need tobe specified.(2) Coefficients for threading toolsThe depth of the first cutting can be increased or decreased according tothe range...

  • Page 226

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION213(3) Coefficients for grooving toolsThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe width of a grooving tool for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for grooving tools)2INPUT(GRV WIDTH 1)4INP...

  • Page 227

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION214(4) Coefficients for drillsThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe nominal diameter of a drill for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for drills)10INPUT(NOMINL–D 1)20INPUT(NOMINL...

  • Page 228

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION215(5) Coefficients for center drillsThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe nominal diameter of a center drill for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for center drills1INPUT(NOMINL–...

  • Page 229

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION216(6) Coefficients for reamersThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe nominal diameter of a reamer for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for reamers)10INPUT(NOMINL–D 1)20INPUT(NOMI...

  • Page 230

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION217(7) Coefficients for boring toolsThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe nominal diameter of a boring tool for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for boring tools)10INPUT(NOMINL–D...

  • Page 231

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION218(8) Coefficients for tapping toolsThe feed amount can be increased or decreased according to the range ofthe nominal diameter of a tapping tool for each material of the tool.Example of operation to specify coefficients for tapping tools)10INPUT(NOMINL...

  • Page 232

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION219(9) Coefficients for end mills (C–axis/Y–axis graphic conversationfunction)The feed rate can be increased or decreased according to the range of thenominal diameter of an end mill for each material of the tool.In this case, coefficients for rough m...

  • Page 233

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION220(10) Coefficients for side cutters (C–axis graphic conversation function)The feed rate can be increased or decreased according to the range of thenominal diameter of a side cutter for each material of the tool.In this case, coefficients for rough mac...

  • Page 234

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION221For each finishing after bar machining, pattern repeating, and machiningof trapezoidal grooves, the surface roughness can be selected from tenlevels.Pressing the [9] ([8] soft key it the C–axis graphic conversation functionis not provided) soft key o...

  • Page 235

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION222In drilling, entering one of the final processes automatically determinesthe required pre–processes.Pressing the [10] soft key ([9] soft key if the C–axis graphic conversationfunction is not provided) on the tool data menu screen displays thepre–...

  • Page 236

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION223Pressing the [11] soft key ([10] soft key if the C–axis graphic conversationfunction is not provided) on the tool data menu screen displays thechuck/tail stock figure setting screen.Example of operation to specify a chuck figure)[EXT.](Chuck type)20I...

  • Page 237

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION224NOTEUp to 10 types or up to 60 types (Option) of figures can beregistered for the chuck figure data. These figures are usedfor animated simulation and the specification of chuckbarriers.(1) OutlineThis function increases the number of chuck figure dat...

  • Page 238

    B–62444E–1/0413. SETTING DATAOPERATION225Pressing the [TAIL STOCK] soft key displays the tail stock figure datascreen.Example of operation to specify a tail stock figure)30INPUT(Dimension D0)20INPUT(Dimension L0)20INPUT(Dimension D1)15INPUT(Dimension L1)10INPUT(Dimension D2)20INPUT(Dimension ...

  • Page 239

    13. SETTING DATAB–62444E–1/04OPERATION226The tool data file, cutting condition data, surface roughness data, pre–toollist, and chuck/tail stock figure data can be punched out on external I/Odevices.(1) Connect an external I/O device to the system and specify therequired parameters such as a...

  • Page 240

    B–62444E–1/0414. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONOPERATION22714 BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONUsing the batch data input/output function, multiple types of data such asNC parameters, NC offset values, NC programs, and PMC parameters,can be entered or output as a batch by using a general–p...

  • Page 241

    14. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUTFUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04OPERATION228(a) NC parameter: All parameters, except the option parameters andthe parameter (No. 1010) used to specify the number of axes(b) Offset value: All wear/geometry compensation value data(c) NC program: All NC programs (Part of the ...

  • Page 242

    B–62444E–1/0414. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONOPERATION229(1) Connect an external input/output unit, then set the necessaryparameters, including the unit selection parameter:– Channel used on the NC = 0– Stop bit = 2– Parity = None– Character length = 8– Baud rate = Correspo...

  • Page 243

    14. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUTFUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04OPERATION230SELECT THE DATA WHICH YOU WANT TO PUNCH OUTDATA I/O SCREEN [CAP.:HEAD–L]1.NC PARAMETER (HD1) 7.NC PARAMETER (HD2)2.NC OFFSET(HD1)5.NC OFFSET(HD2) 8.CAP TOOL FILE3.NC PROGRAM(HD1)6.NC PROGRAM (HD2) 9.CAP PROGRAM4.PMC PARAMETE...

  • Page 244

    B–62444E–1/0414. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONOPERATION231DATA I/O SCREEN [CAP.:HEAD–L]1.NC PARAMETER(HD1)7.NC PARAMETER (HD2)2.NC OFFSET(HD1)5.NC OFFSET(HD2)8.CAP TOOL FILE3.NC PROGRAM(HD1)6.NC PROGRAM (HD2)9.CAP PROGRAM4.PMC PARAMETERSINGLE SINGLE REGISTERO PROGRAM∼∼SELECTALL...

  • Page 245

    14. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUTFUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04OPERATION232DATA I/O SCREEN [CAP.:HEAD–L]1.NC PARAMETER (HD1) 7.NC PARAMETER (HD2)2.NC OFFSET(HD1) 5.NC OFFSET(HD2) 8.CAP TOOL FILE3.NC PROGRAM(HD1) 6.NC PROGRAM (HD2) 9.CAP PROGRAM4.PMC PARAMETERSINGLESINGLE∼∼I/OSET UPEXECCANCEL...

  • Page 246

    B–62444E–1/0414. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONOPERATION233NC PARAMETER9091PMCIOE:End address of the PMC parameter D area datato be outputWhen No. 9090 (PMCIOS) = 0 and No. 9091 (PMCIOE) = 0:All PMC parameters, including counter values, keep relay data, timerdata, and data are output.When N...

  • Page 247

    14. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUTFUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04OPERATION234Data output, performed as described in Section 14.2, can be entered as abatch in a similar way.(1) Before reading NC parameters, manually set any option parametersand parameter (No. 1010), used to specify the number of axes.(2) Conne...

  • Page 248

    B–62444E–1/0414. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUT FUNCTIONOPERATION235NOTE1 When a one–path lathe is used, the data selection menu fortool post 2 is not displayed.2 When an input/output unit other than the FANUC CassetteAdaptor is used, [NC PARAM], [OTHERS], and [NC HD2PARAM] are not displayed.(7) W...

  • Page 249

    14. BATCH DATA INPUT/OUTPUTFUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04OPERATION236When [I/O SET UP] is pressed, the parameters set for the reader/punchinterface are displayed as shown below.DATA I/O SCREEN [CAP.:HEAD–L]1.NC PARAMETER (HD1) 7.NC PARAMETER (HD2)2.NC OFFSET(HD1)5.NC OFFSET(HD2)8.CAP TOOL F...

  • Page 250

    B–62444E–1/0415. CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAY COLORS (Super CAP II T)OPERATION23715 CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAY COLORS (Super CAP II T)With the Super CAP II T, it is possible to change the colors of displayson the screen.

  • Page 251

    15. CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAYCOLORS (Super CAP II T)B–62444E–1/04OPERATION238(1) Press [16] on the basic menu to cause the color scheme setting screento appear. (Pressing [+] causes [16] to appear.)(2) Place the cursor on a number from 1 to 14 or “Background color.”Each number corresponds ...

  • Page 252

    B–62444E–1/0415. CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAY COLORS (Super CAP II T)OPERATION239(3) Press the soft key that corresponds to the color element (red, green,or blue) to be changed.<RETURNRED15GREEN0BRIGHTDARKBLUE0+(4) Pressing [BRIGHT] makes brighter the color element at 3. Pressing[DARK] makes i...

  • Page 253

    15. CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAYCOLORS (Super CAP II T)B–62444E–1/04OPERATION240Changes to the display color made in Section 15.1 can be stored. Oncea changed display color is stored, any subsequent changes can be nullifiedby calling the stored display color.All display color numbers 1 to 14 and ...

  • Page 254

    B–62444E–1/0415. CHANGING SCREEN DISPLAY COLORS (Super CAP II T)OPERATION241(1) Pressing [+] causes soft key page 2 to appear. <COLOR3 COLOR4RETURNMEMORYCALLCOLOR1PARAMCOLOR2(2) Press [COLOR1 PARAM], [COLOR2], [COLOR3], or [COLOR4]to select a group to be called. If [COLOR1 PARAM] is pre...

  • Page 255

    III. TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS

  • Page 256

    B–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS245WARNINGBefore going to the next step of handling or operation, check the display on the screen carefullyto assure that the intended data has been entered correctly.If the machine is used with incorrect data, the tool may bump against the machine and/o...

  • Page 257

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS2461 MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESNOTEIn some machining programs created in the conversational mode, the offset data for specificoffset numbers may have been rewritten. (16: ...

  • Page 258

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS247Round–bar materials are machined by bar machining.Material figureProduct figure+Z+XWhen the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process isautomatically created, and the machining t...

  • Page 259

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS248(2) For the outer surface, inner surface, and end face plus automaticresidual machiningPROC (01)AREAHEADTOOL–NOCUT–SPD FEED/REV CUT–DPTHT–CODEBAR (R)OUTER MIDHEAD–L102800.252.0000101ARE...

  • Page 260

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS249Among the following data items, those preceded by a J mark aredisplayed on the detail data screen. A separate detail data screen isdisplayed for roughing processes and finishing processes.The da...

  • Page 261

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS250(4) Inner surface + automatic residual machiningInner surface portion which requires automatic residual machining.Monotonous change along in the Z–axis.(5) End faceEnd face portion which does no...

  • Page 262

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS251(1) Roughing processTOOL–NO.: Management number of a rough machiningtoolCUT–SPD: Cutting speed in rough machiningFEED/REV: Feed amount in rough machiningCUT–DPTH: Depth of cut in rough mach...

  • Page 263

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS252NOTE4 When a bar machining process is newly created, theclearance specified in parameter No. 9797 (along theX–axis) or parameter No. 9798 (along the Z–axis) is setautomatically.JS–DRCT. RS: ...

  • Page 264

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS253COOLANTCM: Coolant specificatinSelect either [ON] or [OFF].When ON is selected, M8 is output. WhenOFF is selected, M9 is output.1 = ON (M8)2 = OFF (M9)NOTE7 Whether to set the coolant to on or o...

  • Page 265

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS254NOTE9 In finish machining, a cutting feed amount is calculated foreach contour from the surface roughness and the tool–tipradius of the tool being used. For details, see Section13.2.1.The surfa...

  • Page 266

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS255JESCAPE AMNT EA: Travel along the X–axis (in outer/inner surfacemachining: diameter) or along the Z–axis (inend facing: radius) for retraction after finishmachiningNOTE13 For finish bar machi...

  • Page 267

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS256In bar machining, the contour calculation function can be used to specifythe final figure.NOTE1 Up to 30 contours can be specified for one process.(1) Specifying the figure start pointAfter all pr...

  • Page 268

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS257(4) VERTICAL LINEPressing the [↑] or [↓] soft key selects a vertical line, that is, astraight line parallel to the X axis.DIRECTIONB: Direction of the vertical lineEND POINT XX: Absolute X–...

  • Page 269

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS258ARC END XX: Absolute X–axis coordinate of the endpointEND Z/ANGLEZ/J: Absolute Z–axis coordinate of the endpoint, or the center angle of an arcCENTER X COORDI: Absolute X–axis coordinate of ...

  • Page 270

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS259(8) ROUNDPressing the [ROUND] soft key selects a corner radius.ROUND RADIUS R:Corner radiusNOTE5 When a round corner is specified, “ROUND” is displayed onthe screen until the next contour is ...

  • Page 271

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS260A part of a contour is referred to as a figure block.A figure block with its end point not determined is said to be in thepending state. A pending figure block is drawn by dashed lines.On the scr...

  • Page 272

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS261(3) Horizontal line(a) When the immediately preceding block is pending, and contactpoint determination is not specifiedi)When the X coordinate of a horizontal line is enteredå The intersection w...

  • Page 273

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS262Contact pointWContact pointZ(4) Vertical line(a) When the immediately preceding block is pending, and contactpoint determination is not specifiedi)When the Z coordinate of a vertical line is enter...

  • Page 274

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS263(b) When the immediately preceding figure block specifies a pendingarc, and contact point determination is specifiedi)When no data is entered (with the direction of a vertical linespecified at fi...

  • Page 275

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS264Start pointJX or ZEnd point(b) When the immediately preceding figure block specifying an arcis not pendingi)When the X coordinate (X) or Z coordinate (Z) of an end pointis enteredå The angle of a...

  • Page 276

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS265(d) When the immediately preceding figure block specifies a pendingarc, and contact point determination is specifiedIt is assumed that the radius of the arc and the coordinates (X,Z)of the arc ce...

  • Page 277

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS266å The contact point selection request screen appears. Press[TANGNT 1] or [TANGNT 2], then press [INSERT] (or[ALTER] or [ALTER FIGURE] to change the figure).The end point of the slanted line is d...

  • Page 278

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS267(End point)(Start point)(X, Z)(I, K)Riv) When the X coordinate (I) and Z coordinate (K) of an arccenter, and the central angle (J) are enteredå An arc having the specified central angle is deter...

  • Page 279

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS268Contact pointEnd point of Start point of Horizontal line, vertical line, or slanted line (for which its endpoint has been determined);orArc (for which the radius and end point have been determine...

  • Page 280

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS269Contact point(I, K)J(I, K)(X, Z)End point of Start point of End point of Start point of (1)Contact pointiv) When an arc radius (R), and the X coordinate (X) and Zcoordinate (Z) of an arc end poin...

  • Page 281

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS270R(I, K)Start point of (7) Lines forming tangents to two arcs(I3, K3)Start point of (I1, K1)R Arc for which the X coordinate (I) and Z coordinate (K) of itscenter have been entered (A start point ...

  • Page 282

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS271(8) Arc that contact intersecting lines and arcsStart pointContact pointR(X, Z)Start pointContact pointRContact pointStart pointContact pointContact pointRContact point Horizontal line, vertical ...

  • Page 283

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS272 Arc (pending)Data other than arc radius data (R) cannot be entered. Arc for which its radius (R), and the X coordinate (I) and Zcoordinate (K) of its center have been enteredå The end points of ...

  • Page 284

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS273A part of an entered contour can be enlarged when it is drawn.Operation)(1) Move the cursor to the contour to be partially enlarged.(2) Press the right end [+] soft key several times until the fo...

  • Page 285

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS274(1) Compensation by the tool figureIn bar residual machining for which automatic residual machiningis specified, the residual portion automatically remains because ofthe tool figure as shown in th...

  • Page 286

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS275(2) Executing automatic residual machiningResidual portions can be cut off automatically.Residual portionToolNOTEAutomatic residual machining is not performed if “NOTEXEC” is specified in the...

  • Page 287

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS276(1)Machining the outer surface, inner surface, and end face of a barMachining example) Machining the bar outer surfaceMDMDMDEzEx /2Ex /2Cutting start pointEzMD: Depth of cut (Radius) entered on t...

  • Page 288

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS277(2) Bar machining for which automatic residual machining is specifiedMachining example) Outer surface + automatic residual machining 1MDCutting startpointFinish figure start pointMDEzEx /2EzEzEx ...

  • Page 289

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS278(3) Automatic residual machining of a barMachining example) Automatic residual machining of a barMDEzEx /2RzLeft–hand toolCutting start pointRzRzMDRz: Clearance (Parameter No. 9800) for residual...

  • Page 290

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS279The contour of the tool post 2 (right–side spindle) on the lathe that has twofacing spindles is entered as follows.(1) When the program zero point is at the workpiece endWhen the coordinate of ...

  • Page 291

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS280-Contour of the end face bar""""""""""""""""""+Z2+X2WorkpieceSpindle(2) When the program zero point is on ...

  • Page 292

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS281-Contour of the end face bar""""""""""""""""""+Z2+X2WorkpieceSpindleOn the single–spindle 2–path lath...

  • Page 293

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS282In bar machining (outer surface, inner surface, or end face), uselessmachining can be canceled automatically according to the specifiedmaterial figure to optimize machining.Outer surface bar machi...

  • Page 294

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS2839785SFCLRZSFCLRZ: Clearance amount at cutting start in outer–surfacebar/Inner–surface bar machining.SFCLRZSFCLRZOuter–surface bar machiningInner–surface bar machiningNOTE2 The parameter f...

  • Page 295

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS284Example a material figure that can be specified)Coordinates of inner surface point 1 = (X1, Z1)Coordinates of inner surface point 2 = (X2, Z2)Coordinates of inner surface point 3 = (X3, Z3)Coordin...

  • Page 296

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS285(3) Specifying of bar machining process dataThe process data and contour of bar machining can be entered in thesame way as ordinary input.The contour, however, must be inside the material figure ...

  • Page 297

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS286(4) Details of machiningIf the parameter for null cutting cancel is set, and the formed materialis specified as the material figure, the bar machining process isexecuted, thereby automatically can...

  • Page 298

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS287(1) GeneralsWhen tool whose cutting edge angle is acute is used in bar andpattern repeating processing , it is possible machining that tool andmaterial don’t interfere.Parameter non–settingPa...

  • Page 299

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS288(2) DetailsFigure is compensated according to the following.(a) The straight line is drawn from the end point of figure thatinterference gets up. The inclination of the line is calculated froma v...

  • Page 300

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS289(e) When end point of Auxiliary line is outside of begining point(Auxiliary line dosen’t intersect with figure), the cross point ofAuxiliary line and the vertical line which passes the beginnin...

  • Page 301

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS290(1) Parameter#79767#6#5#4#3NCR#2#1#0Bit No.NCR1 : G41/G42 command is not used in bar and pattern repeating finishingprocessing.0 : G41/G42 command is used in bar and pattern repeating finishingpro...

  • Page 302

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS291In rough machining of the outer surface, inner surface, and end faces ofa bar, when the machining profile has a slight difference in level as shownbelow, set bit 5 (SFG) of parameter 9767 to 1 to...

  • Page 303

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS292Formed materials such as castings and forgings are machined in patternrepeating.When the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process isautomatically created, and the process type menu...

  • Page 304

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS293JAREAA: Select the desired type of the AREA from the followingitems.Those are displayed on the window.1 = OUTER END2 = OUTER MID3 = INNER END4 = INNER MID5 = FACE END6 = FACE MIDSee Section 1.1 ...

  • Page 305

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS294In pattern repeating, cutting is repeated while the cutting pattern is shiftedstep by step to cut the specified final figure.Machining example) Pattern repeating for an outer–surface edgeFirst t...

  • Page 306

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS295Af: Finishing start pointAfx = SxAfz = Sz(2) Determining the machining start point (for a recessed outer surface)A0MDRXUAlAnAfA0 : Virtual machining start pointThis start point, indicating the 0t...

  • Page 307

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS296(3) The rough machining and finishing are executed as shown in thefollowing example.Auxiliary figure end pointMachining start pointNext machining start pointFigure end pointFigure start pointAuxil...

  • Page 308

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS297In pattern repeating, when each X coordinates of rough machiningterminal point (XE) are lower than next machining start point (X2) , theretract position of X axis direction is higher one of cutt...

  • Page 309

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS298ii) When X coordinate in terminal of rough machining (XE) andnext machining start point (X2) is same or X coordinate interminal of rough machining (XE) is higher (In case of innerdiameter is “lo...

  • Page 310

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS299ii) When Z coordinate in terminal point of rough machining (ZE)and next machining start point (Z2) are same or Z coordinatein terminal point of rough machining (ZE) is higher than nextmachining s...

  • Page 311

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS300In pattern repeating, the method of the movement from machining startpoint to the beginning point of shape is as follows. toshapestart point of shapePAP=1standardmachiningstart pointcutting start ...

  • Page 312

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS301Parameter#79767#6#5#4#3#2PAP#1#0Bit No.PAP1 : It moves to shape start point every one axis in pattern repeating.0 : It moves to shape start point by rapid travers simultaneous 2–axes. Approach...

  • Page 313

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS302machining startpointshapecutting start point to rapid traverse. cutting feed.SEnd faceshape startpointshapemachining start pointcutting start point to rapid traverse. cutting feed.SEnd face+resi...

  • Page 314

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS303shapemachining startpointcutting start pointSOuter surface, Inner surfaceshapecutting start pointSOuter surface, Inner surface(Backward specified each shape)backwardbackward<Backward>

  • Page 315

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS304cutting start pointSEnd faceshapemachining start pointcutting start pointSEnd face (Backward specified each shape)shapemachining start pointbackbackmachining start point 2See “1.1.12 Bar and Pat...

  • Page 316

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS305The residual portion at a right angle is machined in residual machining.If, however, machining a recessed surface of a bar is specified, residualmachining does not need to be specified, because i...

  • Page 317

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS306JAREA (A): Select the desired type of the AREA from the followingmenu items.1. Outer surface2. Inner surface3. End face1.3.2Details of Process Data

  • Page 318

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3074. Inner bottomResidual machining is performed for the bottom of a drilled hole.Machining start point CX : X coordinate (diameter value) of a clearanceposition between residual portionsCZ : Z coo...

  • Page 319

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS308In one process, up to five residual machining portions can be specified forone machining area.(1) Outer–surface residual machiningInput data example)30INPUT(START POINT X)80INPUT(START POINT Z)5...

  • Page 320

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS309(2) Inner–surface residual machiningInput data example)50INPUT(START POINT X)80INPUT(START POINT Z)30INPUT(END POINT X)60INPUT(END POINT Z)INPUT(Cursor shift)2INPUT(Chamfer amount)End pointStar...

  • Page 321

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS310(3) End–face residual machiningInput data example)30INPUT(START POINT X)10INPUT(START POINT Z)50INPUT(END POINT X)0INPUT(END POINT Z)3INPUT(ROUND RADIUS)End pointStart pointChamfer amountCorner ...

  • Page 322

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS311(4) End–bottom residual machiningInput data example)10INPUT(START POINT X)80INPUT(START POINT Z)40INPUT(END POINT X)75INPUT(END POINT Z)INPUT(Cursor shift)2INPUT(Chamfer amount)End pointStart p...

  • Page 323

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS312(1) When the machining area is an outer surfaceEnd pointStart pointEzExMDEzMD : Depth of cut (radius value) entered on the process data screenU: Finishing allowance (diameter value) along the X–...

  • Page 324

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS313End facing cuts mill scales from an end face of a material.When the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process iscreated automatically, and a machining type menu is displayed in the...

  • Page 325

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS314MD(Cutting start point)(Cutting end point)WExEzMD : Depth of cut per pass in rough machining. The formulasbelow are used to determine the average depth of cut perpass.N (CUT COUNT) = ((END REMOVA...

  • Page 326

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS31545°ToolEnd pointStart pointChamfering is possible only at 45°.When the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process iscreated automatically, and a machining type menu is displayed i...

  • Page 327

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS316JAREA (A): Select the desired type of the AREA from the followingmenu items.1 = OUTER2 = INNER1. OUTERToolEnd pointStart point2. INNERToolEnd pointStart pointTHRD–TYPE: Choose from [GENERL THREA...

  • Page 328

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3172. METRIC THREADThis type of threading is performed according to the metric threadstandard. Only straight threads can be cut. Up to five thread figures(all having the same lead) can be specifie...

  • Page 329

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS318Example of pipe–taper threading process data:PROC(02)AREAHEADTHRO–TYPECUT–METHDTHRD CNTTHREA–DOUTERHEAD–L PIPE–TAPERAMNT⋅SNGL20TOOL–NO CUT–SPDCUT–DPTHCHAMFERT–CODE251800.300O...

  • Page 330

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3191. [AMNT SNGL]: Constant amount of cut, single–edge cutting.Tool tipAd1d2d3 dnHuD= Depth of cutd1 = Dd2 = d1 * sqrt (2)d3 = d1 * sqrt (3) Ldn = d1 * sqrt (n)u= Finishing allowance for ...

  • Page 331

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS320NOTE7 When the depth of cut per pass becomes less than theminimum depth of cut (set in parameter No. 9833), the depthof cut is clamped to the specified minimum value, if aconstant depth of cut has...

  • Page 332

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS321Thread leadThe least input increment is 0.0001 mmor 0.000001 inch.Number of threads per inchThe least input increment is 1.Management number of a threading toolCutting feedrate for threadingDepth...

  • Page 333

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS322Specifies whether to perform chamfering.Select [ON] or [OFF].1. When ON is selectedAt a common safety point prior to theprocess being executed, the M code forCHAMFER ON (parameter No. 9836:CMFONM)...

  • Page 334

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS323After process data is entered and confirmed, moving the cursor to the nextline of the process data displays the figure data for the threading process.(1) General threadsSTAT–P(X, Z):Coordinates...

  • Page 335

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS324(3) Unified threadTHRD DIA: Thread diameter DSTAT–PZ: Z coordinate of the start point of a threadingarea ZSEND–PTZ: Z coordinate of the end point of a threading areaZEZEDZSNOTE3 One threading ...

  • Page 336

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS325(5) PT threadTHRD DIA: Thread diameter DSTAT–PZ: Z coordinate of the start point of a threadingarea ZSEND–PTZ: Z coordinate of the end point of a threading areaZEDZSZENOTE5 One threading proc...

  • Page 337

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS326The same tool is used for both rough machining and finish machining.(1) Outer–surface threadingToolEnd pointStart pointCutting start pointCLTCHTHCenter of the spindleCATC : Distance required for...

  • Page 338

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS327(3) Threading for multiple areasMachining start pointThreading area Threading area Type

  • Page 339

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS328(1) Standard groove(2) Slanted groove(3) Trapezoidal groove (with corner radius or chamfer)(4) Treadling groove1.6GROOVING

  • Page 340

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS329When the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process iscreated automatically, and a machining type menu is displayed in the softkey field.Pressing the [GROOVE] soft key selects groov...

  • Page 341

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS330JAREA (A): Select the desired type of the AREA from the followingmenu items.1 = OUTER2 = INNER3 = FACING1. Outer surface2. Inner surface3. End face1.6.2Details of Process Data

  • Page 342

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS331Machining start pointX: X–coordinate of an approach point beforemachining is startedZ: Z–coordinate of an approach point beforemachining is startedMachining start point (outer surface)Machini...

  • Page 343

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3322. Grooving tool with the right reference positionGrooving toolProgram pointSpecified grooving point(Standard groove/Slantedgroove)(End face machining)BASIS :Grooving tool program pointSelect the ...

  • Page 344

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3332.Grooving tool with the upper reference positionGrooving toolProgram pointSpecified grooving point(Standard groove/Slantedgroove)Machining pattern (PP) : Grooving typeSelect the desired type of ...

  • Page 345

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3342. Slanted groove3. Trapezoidal groove4. Thread groovingNOTE1 Thread grooving can be specified for areas for whichouter–surface or inner–surface machining has beenselected. In thread grooving...

  • Page 346

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS335WIDTH: Minimum width of a groove (minimum groovewidth).In machining grooves other than trapezoidal grooves,a grooving tool having a width that is less than TOOLWIDTH is selected automatically.In ...

  • Page 347

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS336NOTE2 When AREA, BASIS, WIDTH, and GROOVE ANGLE (forslanted grooving) have been specified, the tool and cuttingconditions for roughing are determined automatically.ROUGHNESS : Finished surface rou...

  • Page 348

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS337After process data is entered and confirmed, moving the cursor to the nextline of the process data displays the figure data for the grooving process.(1) Ordinary or slanted grooving of an outer...

  • Page 349

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3381. When the program reference position is placed on a workpieceedge.(a) When the pitch is positiveReference grooveChuck sideWorkpiece end faceProgram zero–pointPTPT(b) When the pitch is negative...

  • Page 350

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS339(2) Standard or slanted grooving of an end faceSTAT–PX, Z(X, Z): Coordinates of a point where grooving startsEND–PTZ: Z–coordinate of a point where grooving endsNOTE3 When a tool has an upp...

  • Page 351

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS340(a) When the pitch is positiveReference grooveCenter of the spindleÃÃÃÃPTÃÃÃÃPT(b) When the pitch is negativeReference grooveCenter of the spindleÃÃÃÃÃÃPTÃÃÃÃPT

  • Page 352

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS341(3) Outer–surface trapezoidal groovingPITCH: Distance between grooves when multiplegrooves of the same figure are machined atregular intervals. For detailed informationabout intervals, see the...

  • Page 353

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS342(4) Inner–surface trapezoidal groovingStart pointPoint 1Reference pointPoint 4Point 3Point 2End point(5) End face trapezoidal groovingStart pointPoint 1Reference pointPoint 4Point 3Point 2End po...

  • Page 354

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS343(1) Standard grooving and slanted groovingFor an standard groove or slanted groove, only rough machining isperformed.Example of machining) Outer–surface standard grooving using agrooving tool w...

  • Page 355

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS344NOTEIn rough machining, cutting is performed so that figures canbe produced which have a clearance equivalent to theamount of finishing allowance (along the X– and Z–axes)plus the tool tip rad...

  • Page 356

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS345Necking machines a neck portion at a comer for finish grinding.ToolWhen the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process iscreated automatically, and a machining type menu is displaye...

  • Page 357

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS346JAREA (A): Select the desired type of the AREA from the followingmenu items.1 = Right side of an outer surface [ ]2 = Left side of an outer surface [ ]3 = Right side of an inner surface [ ]4 = ...

  • Page 358

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS347JSTART PNT.X: X–coordinate of a relief position betweennecking portionsZ: Z–coordinate of a relief position betweennecking portionsNecking portion (2)Necking portion (1)Machining start pointJ...

  • Page 359

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3483. Necking 2 for grinding (or DIN509–F)DTWTRR15°W18°4. Necking for threads (or DIN76)30°DTWT0.6 * DTJSTNDRD–D: X–coordinate of a necking portion used for thereference (for a necking figur...

  • Page 360

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS349NOTE2 When a necking figure, machining area, and surfaceroughness are specified, a tool for necking and cuttingconditions are determined automatically.TOOL–NO.: Management number for a necking ...

  • Page 361

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS350The following data is displayed on the detail data screen.JS–DRCT: Derection in which the spindle rotates inneckingJSPINDLE GEAR: Spindle gear selectionJCOOLANT: Cutting oil specification-Neckin...

  • Page 362

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS351(1) General–purpose necking without, necking 1 for grinding(DIN509–E), and necking for threads (DIN76)TA15°TBTC (= 180°–TA–TB)TC y 15° +3° : DIN 509ETC y 30° +3° : DIN 76TA y 90°(2...

  • Page 363

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS352After process data is entered and confirmed, moving the cursor to the nextline of the process data displays the figure data for the necking process.60INPUT(X–coordinate of the first necking port...

  • Page 364

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS353A clearance angle of 3° is used for the cutting angle and relief angle fora necking portion.Tool tipTA (cutting edge angle)TB (tool angle)SA (cutting angle) = 180° – TA (cutting edge angle) ...

  • Page 365

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS354The following types of turning can be used to make a hole in the centerof a workpiece. It is assumed that the hole will subsequently be threadedor enlarged.(1) Center drilling(2) Drilling(3) End ...

  • Page 366

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS355When the cursor is positioned to the end of a program, a new process iscreated automatically. The available machining types are displayed assoft keys.To perform a given machining type, follow th...

  • Page 367

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS356(1) Process data for center drillingPROC(01)MACHN–2HEADHOLE–DIA STAT–PZEND–PTZTOOL–NOT–COODCENTERDRLCENTERHEAD–L2.0000.0002.0007020808CUT–SPDFEED/REVDWELL800.251.000NOTE1 For chamf...

  • Page 368

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS357STAT–PZ : Absolute Z coordinate of the start point for centerdrilling or chamfering. The position of the start pointon the end face of the workpiece is determinedautomatically. It can subseq...

  • Page 369

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3586. High–speed, through–hole, peck drilling5. Through–hole, peck drilling4. Through–hole drilling3. High–speed, blind–hole, peck drilling2. Blind–hole, peck drilling1. Blind–h...

  • Page 370

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS359Amount of retraction 1. Peck drilling2. High–speed peck drillingCutting start pointCutting start pointAmount of each cutAmount of each cutAmount of retractionJMIN DEPTH: Minimum depth of cut....

  • Page 371

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS360JEND–CLR (only for a through hole):Clearance (distance the tool protrudes from a hole)for the last cut. The tool cuts a workpiece by thecutting feed amount at the last cut, describedabove, from...

  • Page 372

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS361STAT–PZ (for spotfacing): Z:Absolute Z coordinate of the start point of the originalhole for which spotfacing is to be performed (SZ,shown above)RESID–PZ (for residual machining): Z::Absolute...

  • Page 373

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS362CHAMF–LNG : Cutting–lip length of a reamer at cutting start orcutting end (SC, shown below) (related parameter:No. 9054, RIMKLN)2. Through hole1. Blind hole/through holeSCSCTOOL–NO.: Tool ...

  • Page 374

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS363QNOTE4 The tool is usually retracted, at the rapid traverse rate, to thecutting start point upon the completion of boring. When thediameter of a hole is small (shift x 2 + tool width holediamet...

  • Page 375

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS364(7) Process data screen for tappingPROC(01)HEADSTAT–ZEND–PTZNOMINL–DPITCHTAPHEAD–L0.00020.00010.0000.500TOOL–NOCUT–SPDDWELLT–CODE631801.0000808PITCH: Tap pitchTOOL–NO.: Tool ID num...

  • Page 376

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS365The single action process executes a simple move command or auxiliaryfunction block.When the cursor is moved to the end of the program, a new process iscreated automatically, and a machining type...

  • Page 377

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS366Seven types of single actions can be specified.One single action process allows up to 30 blocks to be registered.(1) AUX–FAUX–FM =S =M : M–codeS: SPINDLE SPD.(2) POSITN (G00)POSITNX =Z =X : ...

  • Page 378

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS367(6) DWELL (G04)DWELLP =P: DWELL TIME(7) THREAD (G32)THREADX =Z =F=X : END POS. XZ : END POS. ZF: Lead of thread(1) Creating a new blockAfter entering single–action process data is completed, mo...

  • Page 379

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS368Use single action II to input more general NC program commands.Addresses other than O or N can be input. Multiple G codes can also bespecified in a single block.To use single action II, set bit 0...

  • Page 380

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS369In single action II, any NC program commands, including G codes, canbe input (excluding O and N commands).Up to 104 blocks can be input to a single–action–II process.NSERTDELETEFIGUREEND<W...

  • Page 381

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS370This process calls and executes a subprogram registered beforehand in theprogram area of the NC.Up to four subprograms can be registered using subprogram numbersO9990 to O9993.When the cursor is m...

  • Page 382

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS371(1) A subprogram must be created in the program area of the NC.(2) No programs can be called from a subprogram.(3) G–codes, address specification, NC format programs includingauxiliary function...

  • Page 383

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS372PROGRAM : Number of the subprogram to be calledThe subprogram to be called must reside in part programstorage. A program number must consist of four digits.DATA A: Data for argument ADATA B: Data...

  • Page 384

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS373A machining program created by means of conversational programmingis executed either directly or after being converted to an NC program.To call a subprogram from a machining program to be execute...

  • Page 385

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS374Sub–call II is converted to the following NC program.Example NC program, converted from sub–call process II)G65 P5555A10.0 C–30.0 11.0 J1209.02 K22.222D–99999.999 F90.222 M15.0 Q0.001R0.05...

  • Page 386

    B–62444E–1/041. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR 2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS375In the M–code process, only M–codes are output. Up to five M–codes canbe output.When the cursor is at a machining type item after a new process is created,pressing the [M] soft key selects ...

  • Page 387

    1. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR2–AXES (X AND Z AXIS) LATHESB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS376The operation at the end of a machining program can be specified.When the cursor is at a machining type item after a new process is created,pressing the [END] soft key selects the program end proc...

  • Page 388

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3772 MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXIS

  • Page 389

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS378XZDrillC–axisBlankIn the same way as for turning, center drilling, drilling, reaming, boring,end milling, and tapping can be used for C–axis end–face drilling.Throw–away drilling, however, cannot b...

  • Page 390

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS379(1) Process data screen for C–axis center drillingPROC(01)AREAHEADMACHN–2HDLE–DIATOOL–NOREV/MINT–CODEC–CENTERFACINGHEAD–LCENTER2.0007018000505FEED/MINDWELL INTERVAL3001.000EQUALREV/MIN: Speed...

  • Page 391

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS380JMachining start point X: X coordinate of the position to which thetool retracts between holesZ: Z coordinate of the position to which thetool retracts between holesMachining start pointJMILLING GEAR: Mill...

  • Page 392

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS381(5) Process data screen for C–axis boringPROC(01)AREAHEADMACHN–2PROC–DIATOOL–NOREV/MINT–CODEC–DRILLFACINGHEAD–LBORING20.0009518000505FEED/MINDWELLSHIFTINTERVAL3001.0000.500EQUALJORIENT M : M ...

  • Page 393

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS382(1) Figure data when EQ INTRVL is specified as the hole intervalSTAT–PXSTAT–PZSTAT–PCDEPTHANGLENUMBER LST.ANGL30.0000.00020.00010.00030.0006STAT–PX: X–coordinate of the hole position (common)STAT...

  • Page 394

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3831When neither A (angle), N (number of holes), nor EC (final angle)is enteredExample) X = rC = 90.000rC = 02When a number greater than or equal to 2 is entered for N (numberof holes) and data is entered for...

  • Page 395

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS384(2) Figure data when UNEQ INTRVL is specified as the hole intervalUp to six end face holes can be specified at arbitrary positions witharbitrary hole depths.POINT–1X POINT–1CSTAT–PZDEPTH30.0000.00020...

  • Page 396

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS385DrillBlankZC–axisXAs with the drilling operations in turning, C–axis drilling for side facesallows center drilling, drilling, reaming, and tapping to be specified.For detailed information about each ty...

  • Page 397

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS386(1) Process data screen for C–axis center drilling.PROC(01)AREAHEADMACHN–2HOLE–DIATOOL–NOREV/MINT–CODEC–CENTERCROSSHEAD–L2.0007018000505FEED/MINDWELL INTREVAL3001.000EQUALSTART PNT.X: X–coo...

  • Page 398

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS387(3) Process data screen for C–axis end millingPROC(01)AREAHEADMACHN–2PATFERNHOLE–DIATOOL–NOT–CODEC–DRILLCROSSHEAD–L END–MILLRESID.CUT2.0007510505REV/MIN FEED/MIN1DWELLINTERVAL8003001.000EQU...

  • Page 399

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS388(1) Figure data when EQUAL is specified as the hole intervalSTAT–PXSTAT–PZ STAT–PCDEPTHANGLENUMBER LST.ANGL30.0000.00020.00010.00030.0006STAT–PX: X–coordinate of a hole start position (common)STA...

  • Page 400

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3891When neither A (angle), N (number of holes), nor EC (final angle)is enteredExample) C = 90.000C = 02When a number greater than or equal to 2 is entered for N (numberof holes) and data is entered for EC (f...

  • Page 401

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS390(2) Figure data screen when UNEQ INTRVL is specified as the holeintervalUp to six side–face holes can be specified at arbitrary positions witharbitrary hole depths.POINT 1ZPOINT IC STAT–PXDEPTH30.0000....

  • Page 402

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS391BlankXZCEnd millWhen the cursor is moved to the end of program, a new process isautomatically created and the machining type menu is displayed in thesoft key field.Pressing the [C–GROV] soft key selects ...

  • Page 403

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS392START PNT X : X–coordinate of the relief position, which is one ofthe grooved portions Z : Z–coordinate of the relief position, which is one of thegrooved portionsMachining start pointMIL DIA: ...

  • Page 404

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3931. REGULAR.2. IRREGULAR.JBEVEL AM: Groove chamfer amountChamferamountActual groove widthFEED/MIN: Feedrate for chanfering. (mm/min orinch/min)JMILLNGGEAR: Milling gear selection for chamfering (onlywhen ne...

  • Page 405

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS394(1) Figure data when REGUL. is specified as the groove figure STAT–PX STAT–PZSTAT–PCDEPTHGRV–LNGANGLENUMBER30.0000.00045.0005.00030.00090.0004LST.ANGLSTAT–PX: X–coordinate of the groove (common...

  • Page 406

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS395ANGLE: Center angle made by the start positions ofconsecutive groovesGroove interval angleC = 0Groove–2 end pointGroove–1 start pointGroove–1end pointGroove–2start pointNUMBER: Total number of groo...

  • Page 407

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS3962When a number greater than or equal to 2 is entered for N (numberof grooves) and data is entered for EC (final angle), with no dataentered for A (angle)C = 0Example) X = rC= 0.000N = 2EC = 180.0003When da...

  • Page 408

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS397Groove depthGrooving clearance (parameter 9855: GRDCL)Machining start pointZ–coordinate of the groove start pointEND–PTX: X–coordinate of the end point of the nth grooveEND–PTC: C–coordinate of t...

  • Page 409

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS398CFront of a blankEnd millBlankXCWhen the cursor is moved to the end of program, a new process isautomatically created, and the machining type menu is displayed in thesoft key field.To select C–axis side...

  • Page 410

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS399The same process data as for C–axis grooving for end faces applies toC–axis grooving for side faces, except a machining start point asdescribed below.FEED.Z,C: Feedrate for cutting in the direction (Z...

  • Page 411

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS400(1) Figure data when REGULAR. is specified as the groove figureSTAT–PX STAT–PZSTAT–PCDEPTHGRV–LNGANGLENUMBER100.00020.00045.0005.00020.00090.0004LST.ANGLSTAT–PX: X–coordinate of the groove (com...

  • Page 412

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4011.Program reference position = workpiece end face, groove length= +Groove lengthSide face end mill2.Program reference position = workpiece end face, groove length= –Side face end millGroove length

  • Page 413

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4023.The opposite applies when the program reference position = chuckend faceANGLE: Angle subtended by consecutive grooves1st grooveAngle2nd grooveFront of a workpieceC = 0NUMBER: Total number of groovesLST.A...

  • Page 414

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4032When a number greater than or equal to 2 is entered for N (numberof grooves) and data is entered for EC (final angle), with no dataentered for A (angle)C = 0Example) C= 0.000N= 3EC =180.0003When data is e...

  • Page 415

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS404NOTE2 Cutting for grooving along the X–axis is started at a pointallowing for a grooving clearance (parameter 9855:GRDCL).Side face end millMachining start pointX–coordinate of a groove start pointGroo...

  • Page 416

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS405BlankNotchEnd–face end millXZC–axisEnd face of a blankNOTENotching for end faces may not be possible due to a cuttercompensation C interference alarm, depending on the cutprofile.Furthermore, one of th...

  • Page 417

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS406PROC(01)AREAHEADSTAT–PZEND–PTZ REMOVALXTOOL–NOT–CODEC–NOTCH(R) FACINGHEAD–L0.0005.00010.0007521212REV/MIN FEED/MINFINISHXFINISHZ266740000.5000.300PROC(01)AREAHEADSTAT–PZEND–PTZTOOL–NOREV/...

  • Page 418

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS407(1) Roughing processSTAT–PZ: Z–coordinate of the point where cutting isstartedEND–PTZ: Z–coordinate of the cutting end pointREMOVAL X: Cutting allowance for rough machining The maximum residual fil...

  • Page 419

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS408On the X–C plane coordinate system, a figure is specified having anX–coordinate which is a diameter and a C–coordinate which is a radius:C–axis (hypothetical axis)(Radius)X–axis(Diameter)Z–axis...

  • Page 420

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS409NOTE1 The specified arc must not extend beyond a semicircle. Tospecify a complete circle, for example, specify twosemicircles.+(3) Figure data programming screen for retractingESCAPE RADIUS (R): Radius of...

  • Page 421

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS410(5) Example of notch figure(a) When a notch is specified using a closed curveC–axisToolRetracting end pointApproach start pointX–axisNotch figureÃÃMachining start andend point(b) When a notch which i...

  • Page 422

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS411TRApproach start pointC–axisRetracting end pointX–axisNotch figureRXÃÃÃÃTool radiusÃÃÃMachining start and end pointTR : Tool radiusTL : Effective tool lengthRX : Cutting allowance along the X–...

  • Page 423

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS412NOTE1 The rewriting of the above cutter compensation data isexecuted with the G10 instruction for each in–feedmachining operation. At that time, cutter compensation Cis made using new cutter compensatio...

  • Page 424

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS413When a roughing program C–axis notching is converted to an NCprogram, an NC block specifying an offset with G10 is output for each cut.When cutter compensation data has to be changed from that specifiedw...

  • Page 425

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS414(2) Output NC program for chamfering (only for end–face notching)G (1) C (2) I (3) R (4) F (5) ;Initial offset. . . . . :G (1) ;First cut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

  • Page 426

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS415""""""""""""""""Side cutter toolZXC–axisBlankSide cutter toolBlankWhen the cursor is moved to the end of a program, a new p...

  • Page 427

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS416STAT –PZ: Z–coordinate of the point where cutting isstartedEND–PTZ: Z–coordinate of the point where cutting isendedProgram point""""""""""Side cutt...

  • Page 428

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS417Approach start pointC–axisX–axisRetracting end pointNotch figureTRRXÃÃÃTool radiusÃÃÃMachining start and end pointRZTRSide cutterTR:Tool radiusTW:Tool widthTL:Effective tool lengthRX:Cutting allo...

  • Page 429

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS418As shown in the figure below, C–axis cylindrical machining machines agroove as wide as the diameter of the end mill used.(Development drawing)CSide–face end millXZCZWhen the cursor is moved to the end ...

  • Page 430

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS419PROC(01)HEADSTAT–PXDEPTHMIL–DIATOOL–NOT–CODEC–CYL(R)HEAD–L105.0005.00010.0007531111REV/MINFEED.Z,CFEED.X BEVEL–AM300450027001.000PROC(01)HEADSTA–PXDEPTHMIL–DIATOOL–NOT–CODEC–CYL(F)H...

  • Page 431

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS420Actualgroove widthChamfer amountJMILLNGGEAR: Milling gear selection for grooving (only whenneeded)JCOOLANT: Cutting oil specification(2) Chamfering processTOOL–NO.: Number of the chamfering tool (used fo...

  • Page 432

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS421To define a contour, specify the center line (dashed line) of the groove asshown below.Side face end millZC360°330°300°60°30°30mm60mm90mm1Bit 3 (CGRPDR) of parameter 9776 = 0Program reference position...

  • Page 433

    2. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS422(2) Input of multiple figuresToolC0°0Z360°(3) Moving between multiple figuresTo machine multiple figures, use [TRANS].ESCAPE X COORD.(R): X–coordinate of the relief posi-tionNEXT SHAPE C COORD (C): C...

  • Page 434

    B–62444E–1/042. MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH C–AXISTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS423(1) In C–axis cylindrical machining, one cutting operation is performedwith a side face end mill along a contour specified as figure data.(2) C–axis cylindrical machining uses a cylindrical interpolati...

  • Page 435

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4243 CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHEHAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTION

  • Page 436

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS425DrillYZXNote)This figure shows the axes of theworkpiece coordinate system.Center drilling, drilling, reaming, and tapping can be specified for Y–axisdrilling on the end...

  • Page 437

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS426When the cursor is moved to the end of a program, a new process isautomatically created and the machining mode soft keys are displayed.Press the [Y–CNTR], [Y–DRIL], or ...

  • Page 438

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS427J PASS POINT X/Z (1/2) : X and Z coordinates of a point throughwhich the tool passes to reach themachining start point (detailed datascreen)NOTE1 Only passing point 2 is ...

  • Page 439

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS428DWELL: Dwell time at the bottom of a holeJ MILLING GEAR: Desired milling gear (Detailed data screen:only when required). Directly enter thecorresponding M code.J COOLANT: ...

  • Page 440

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4293. OPTIONALYXJ SKIP POINT 1/2/3 : Number of a hole which is not machined(detailed data screen). Assign drillingsequence numbers to the holes to be drilledstarting from 1...

  • Page 441

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS430(1) Sample figure data when CIRCLE is selected as the hole pattern CENTR–PXCENTR–PYSTAT–PZST.ANGLDEPTHREV.ANGLE20.0000.0000.00010.00030.0000.000RADIUSANGLENUMBERLST.A...

  • Page 442

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS431ANGLE: Angle between two adjacent holes (B in the examplesshown above). A positive or negative value can bespecified.NUMBER: Total number of holesLST.ANGL: Angle between...

  • Page 443

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS432(2) Sample figure data when LATTICE is selected as the hole patternSTAT–PXSTAT–PYSTAT–PZDEPTHREV.ANGLEHOLE PIT.20.0000.0000.00010.0000.00020.000NUMBER/LINLINE PIT. LI...

  • Page 444

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS433NOTE3 Drilling starts when the tool reaches the point which is thespecified drilling clearance (GRDCL bit of parameter 9855)away from the workpiece.Hole depthDrilling cle...

  • Page 445

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS434YChuck sideZXEnd face of a workpiece[HEAD1]Note)This figure shows the axes of theworkpiece coordinate system.The figure above shows a workpiece viewed from the tool side. ...

  • Page 446

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS435YZ[HEAD1]YZ[HEAD2]Center drilling, drilling, reaming, and tapping can be specified for Y–axisdrilling on the side face in the same way as for drilling for turning.

  • Page 447

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS436When the cursor is moved to the end of a program, a new process isautomatically created and the machining mode soft keys are displayed.Press the [Y–CNTR], [Y–DRIL], or ...

  • Page 448

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS437The process data for Y–axis drilling on the side face is the same as thatfor Y–axis drilling on the end face, except for the machining start pointdescribed below:JSTA...

  • Page 449

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4383. OPTIONALZYJSKIP POINT 1/2/3 : Number of a hole which is not machined(detailed data screen). Assign drillingsequence numbers to the holes to be drilledstarting from 1. ...

  • Page 450

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS439(1) Sample figure data when CIRCLE is selected as the hole patternCENTR–PYCENTR–PZSTAT–PXST.ANGLDEPTHREV.ANGLE0.00030.00080.00010.00030.0000.000RADIUSANGLENUMBERLST...

  • Page 451

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS440ANGLE: Angle between two adjacent holes (B in the samplesshown above). A positive or negative value can bespecified.NUMBER: Total number of holesLST.ANGL: Angle between th...

  • Page 452

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS441STAT Y/Z:Coordinates of the first hole (Y, Z)[HEAD1][HEAD2]JYZ123654123654IIIIYZJSTAT–PX: X coordinate of the hole start pointDEPTH: Depth of a hole (radius)REV.ANGLE: ...

  • Page 453

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS442Machining start pointDrilling clearance(GRDLCL bit of parameter 9855)X coordinate of the hole start pointHole depthXDEPTH: Depth of the hole at point n (specified for each...

  • Page 454

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS443YXWorkpieceNote)This figure shows the axes of theworkpiece coordinate system.ZEnd millIn Y–axis milling (on the end face), an end mill cuts an end face of aworkpiece by...

  • Page 455

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS444JSTART PNT X: X coordinate of the point to which the toolretracts in successive millingJSTART PNTZ: Z coordinate of the point to which the toolretracts in successive millin...

  • Page 456

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS445TOOL–NO: Tool ID number of the end mill for end–facemachiningREV/MIN: Speed at which the tool revolves in milling(revolutions/min)T–CODE: T code for the end millFEE...

  • Page 457

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS446Specify the figure data on the XY plane shown below: Specify a diameteralong the X–axis and a radius along the Y–axis.X–axis(diameter)Z–axisY–axis(radius)(1) Fig...

  • Page 458

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS447For the contours entered by selecting options other than [TRANS.] on thecontour selection menu, see Section 1.1.(3) Entering two or more figuresBy pressing the [TRANS.] s...

  • Page 459

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS448YXChuck sideNote)This figure shows the axes of theworkpiece coordinate system.Z[HEAD1]End lace of aworkpieceIn Y–axis milling (on the side face), an end mill cuts the sid...

  • Page 460

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS449Since a positive value is always entered as the Z coordinate, the Z–axisof the program coordinate system is always opposite to that of thecorresponding workpiece coordi...

  • Page 461

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS450J START PNT.X: X coordinate of the point to which the toolretracts in successive millingZ: Z coordinate of the point to which the toolretracts in successive millingMachinin...

  • Page 462

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS451TOOL–NO: Tool ID number of the end mill for side–facemachiningREV/MIN: Speed at which the tool revolves in milling(revolutions/min)T–CODE: T code for the end millFE...

  • Page 463

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMSFOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXISMACHINING FUNCTIONB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS452Specify the figure data on the YZ plane shown below: Specify a radiusalong the Y–axis and a radius along the Z–axis.YZ[HEAD2]YZ[HEAD1](1) Figure data of the start poin...

  • Page 464

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR A LATHE HAVING THE Y–AXIS MACHINING FUNCTIONTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS453(3) Entering two or more figuresBy pressing the [TRANS.] soft key on the contour selection menuto rotate the workpiece about the C–axis or to change the depth ofcut, tw...

  • Page 465

    IN THE RIGHT–HAND COORDINATESYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEMB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4544 CONVERTING A MACHINE PROGRAM IN THE RIGHT–HANDCOORDINATE SYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HANDCOORDINATE SYSTEM

  • Page 466

    B–62444E–1/04 IN THE RIGHT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEMTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS455When a machining program is created in the conversational mode, it isassumed that the figures are specified in the right–hand coordinate system(ZX plane) as shown in ...

  • Page 467

    IN THE RIGHT–HAND COORDINATESYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEMB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS456(3) A machining program created in the conversational mode isconverted to an NC–format program.The machining program is automatically converted to a machiningprogram in...

  • Page 468

    B–62444E–1/04 IN THE RIGHT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEMTYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS457A machining program created in the conversational mode is converted toan NC–format program through the conversion operations describedbelow.(1) Axis command along the...

  • Page 469

    IN THE RIGHT–HAND COORDINATESYSTEM TO THAT IN THE LEFT–HAND COORDINATE SYSTEMB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS458(1) Machining programs created in the conversational mode in theright–hand coordinate system cannot be directly executed on amachine that has the left–hand coordinate...

  • Page 470

    B–62444E–1/045. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONS FOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLETYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4595 BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONS FOR A LATHE WITH ASUB–SPINDLE

  • Page 471

    5. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONSFOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLEB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS460In conversational programming, the following functions can be used tocreate a program for machining with a sub–spindle.These optional functions are valid when bit 6 (2SP) of parameter No. 97...

  • Page 472

    B–62444E–1/045. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONS FOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLETYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS461To execute back machining in bar machining with the sub–spindle,specify reverse machining as shown below:""""""""""""""...

  • Page 473

    5. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONSFOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLEB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS462Viewing the end face of the workpiece from the front, enter coordinatesfor C–axis machining with the sub–spindle, as shown below:C–axis toolEnd face ofthe workpieceC = 0+X+C5.3COORDINATE...

  • Page 474

    B–62444E–1/045. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONS FOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLETYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS463While an animated drawing of a single workpiece is displayed on thescreen as shown below, turning with the main spindle or sub–spindle issimulated:XZNOTEWhen the function for machining with...

  • Page 475

    5. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONSFOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLEB–62444E–1/04TYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS464Even when the machine controls spindle positioning (96 angularsubsections), the following C–axis machining and animated simulationcan be executed:(1) C–axis drilling on the end face (cente...

  • Page 476

    B–62444E–1/045. BACK MACHINING FUNCTIONS FOR A LATHE WITH A SUB–SPINDLETYPES OF MACHININGPROGRAMS4652SP1: The conversational function for a one–turret two–spindlelathe is enabled.0: The conversational function for a one–turret two–spindlelathe is disabled.1SP1: The conversational fu...

  • Page 477

    IV. EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS

  • Page 478

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4691 CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESWARNINGThe parameters, tool data, cutting condition data, and machining programs in the f...

  • Page 479

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS470(1) Coordinate system parameters for drawingParameter No. 6510 (GRPAX) = 14 (program reference position =workpiece end face, workpiece upper and lower face drawing)(2) W...

  • Page 480

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS471Parameter No.Setting value9148659149769150091510Workpiece material 7 (AL)91520915309154091550NOTE1 Specify parameter Nos. 9156 to 9759 according to theapplication.(3) P...

  • Page 481

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS472Parameter No.Setting value98003000(Residual clearance Z–coordinate)98013(Cut angle clearance)98020(90° < cutting angle x 135 °overridden)98030(135° < cutting ...

  • Page 482

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS473NOTE2 The above parameter values are temporary ones. When adevice is connected for actual run, the values appropriateto the device should be set.The above example show...

  • Page 483

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS474(1) Registering a right–hand outside surface cutting tool (HEAD–L)On the screen with a registered–tool directory displayed, press:[TOOL ENTRY]After making sure the...

  • Page 484

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS475NOTE2 When the registered–tool directory is on the screen,pressing the [MENU RETURN] soft key redisplays the tooldata menu.Set cutting condition data according to des...

  • Page 485

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS476Program example) Machining cylindrical surfacesMaterial code: FC25Material type: Round bar (φ100 × 80, including anend face cutting allowance of 2 mm on either face)C2...

  • Page 486

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS477[FC25](Workpiece material)[BAR](Workpiece figure)100INPUT(Maximum outside dimension)INPUT(Maximum inside diameter)80INPUT(Length)2000INPUT(Maximum spindle speed)[ON](Co...

  • Page 487

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS478(1) Entering the process dataPressing the cursor–down key (↓) at the end of initial data entrycreates a new process and assigns various menus to the soft keys asshow...

  • Page 488

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4790INPUT(Start point X–coordinate)0INPUT(Start point Z–coordinate)[INSERT][ ↑ ](Figure pattern)[INSERT][CHAMFR](Figure pattern)2INPUT(Amount of chamfer)[INSERT][ ...

  • Page 489

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS480The last key operation [FIGURE END] in 1.3.3 creates a new process,resulting in the machining type menus being assigned to the soft keys asshown below:<1BAR2PT.RPT3RE...

  • Page 490

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS481(1) Entering the process dataThe last key operation in the previous section creates a new processand assigns the machining type menus to the soft keys, as shownbelow, f...

  • Page 491

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS482(2) Entering contour data (secondary machining)The last key operation (↓) in item (1) displays an entry window forthe start point data for the contour. Enter the cont...

  • Page 492

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS483Pressing the [PLOT] soft key displays the figure of the product in themultiwindow.[PLOT](Displays the figure of the product.)[RETURN](Returns to the original screen.)SO...

  • Page 493

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS484A program can be checked by running it for animated simulation usingthe procedure shown below:On the main menu, press:[3](Machining simulation)A list of machining progra...

  • Page 494

    B–62444E–1/041. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS (X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS485When the machine stroke is too large to compensated for by the geometrycompensation amount, the workpiece shift amount is used forcompensation as shown in the following...

  • Page 495

    1. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR TWO–PATH 4–AXIS(X1, Z, X2, AND Z2) LATHESB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS486The following setup must be performed before the conversationallycreated machining program can be executed. See Section 12.1 of ChapterII for details.(1) Measuring a to...

  • Page 496

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4872 EXAMPLE OF INPUTTING CONTOURS FOR BARMACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGWARNINGThe following example of entering contour data is intendedonly to illustrate what automatic calculation of intersections isl...

  • Page 497

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4880INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG. TYPE)32INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][ ](FIG. TYPE)100INPUT(RADIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG. TYPE)[ ](FIG. TYPE)5INPUT(RADIUS)INP...

  • Page 498

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4897015R40R14φ70φ20φ1000INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG.TYPE)20INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG.TYPE)15INPUT(End point Z)[INSERT][ ](FIG.TYPE)40INPUT(RADIUS)I...

  • Page 499

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4907040R=1020°φ70φ300INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG.TYPE)30INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][ + ][ ](FIG.TYPE)INPUTINPUTINPUT20INPUT(Angle)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYP...

  • Page 500

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4917040R=1020°φ70φ300INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG. TYPE)30INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][ ](FIG. TYPE)10INPUT(RADIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG. TYPE)[ + ][ ](F...

  • Page 501

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS4927054R=110φ74φ70R=10R=70INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ](FIG. TYPE)7INPUT(RADIUS)INPUTINPUT0INPUT(CENTER X COORD)7INPUT(CENTER Z COORD)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG. TYPE)[ ]...

  • Page 502

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS493[TANGNT2](TANGENTIAL PT NO)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG. TYPE)70INPUT(End point Z)70INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][CROSS1](CROSS PT NUMBER)[INSERT][ + ][FIGURE END](FIG. TYPE)155120R35φ150R2525R350INPUT(Start ...

  • Page 503

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS494[ + ][TANGNT](FIG. TYPE)[ ](FIG. TYPE)35INPUT(RADIUS)INPUTINPUT80INPUT(CENTER X COORD)120INPUT(CENTER Z COORD)[INSERT][TANGNT2](TANGENTIAL PT NO)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG.TYPE)155INPUT(End point Z)15...

  • Page 504

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS49530INPUT(RADIUS)INPUTINPUT–20INPUT(CENTER X COORD)20INPUT(CENTER Z COORD)[INSERT][CROSS2](CROSS PT NUMBER)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG. TYPE)[ ](FIG.TYPE)80INPUT(RADIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG....

  • Page 505

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS496R810°100656040200φ70φ60φ40R1015°φ200INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG. TYPE)20INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][ + ][ ](FIG. TYPE)INPUTINPUTINPUT15INPUT(Angle)[INSERT]...

  • Page 506

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS497[ + ][ ](FIG. TYPE)60INPUT(TAPER END X COORD)60INPUT(TAPER END Z COORD)INPUT10INPUT(Angle)[INSERT][TANGNT1](TANGENTIAL PT NO)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG. TYPE)65INPUT(End point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG....

  • Page 507

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS498D=6525220D=501575D=50D=6525D=6525°25°R=20R265INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ROUND](FIG. TYPE)2INPUT(ROUND RADIUS)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG. TYPE)25INPUT(End point Z)[INSERT][ + ][ ...

  • Page 508

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS499[ ← ](FIG.TYPE)INPUTINPUT15INPUT(LENGTH)[INSERT][ ](FIG.TYPE)20INPUT(RADIIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ ← ](FIG.TYPE)INPUT50INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][TANGNT1](TANGENTIAL PT NO)[INS...

  • Page 509

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS50020°75605035φ100φ70R10R20R10R10φ40φ3010°30R8545°φ100R101×45°0INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ↑ ](FIG. TYPE)10INPUT(End point X)[INSERT][CHAMFR](FIG. TYPE)1INPUT(BEVEL AM...

  • Page 510

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS501[TANGNT1](TANGENTIAL PT NO)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ ](FIG.TYPE)8INPUT(RADIIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ + ][ ](FIG.TYPE)30INPUT(TAPER END X COORD)30INPUT(TAPER END Z COORD)...

  • Page 511

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS502[ ](FIG.TYPE)20INPUT(RADIUS)INPUTINPUT70INPUT(CENTER X COORD)80INPUT(CENTER Z COORD)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ ](FIG.TYPE)10INPUT(RADIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ ← ](FIG.T...

  • Page 512

    B–62444E–1/04 CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERNREPEATINGEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS50324.8INPUT(Start point X)0INPUT(Start point Z)[INSERT][ ← ](FIG. TYPE).99INPUT(End point Z)[INSERT][ROUND](FIG. TYPE).5INPUT(ROUND RADIUS)[INSERT][ ](FIG. TYPE)1.4INPUT(RADIUS)INPUTINPUT23.8INPU...

  • Page 513

    CONTOURS FOR BAR MACHINING AND PATTERN REPEATINGB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS504[CROSS1](CROSS PT NUMBER)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ ](FIG.TYPE)1.5INPUT(RADIUS)[INSERT][ + ][TANGNT](FIG.TYPE)[ + ][ ](FIG.TYPE)18INPUT(TAPER END X COORD)19.6INPUT(TAPER END Z COORD...

  • Page 514

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS5053 CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHESWITH THE C–AXISWARNINGThe parameters, tool data, cutting condition data, andmachining programs in the following examples differ fromthose used in ac...

  • Page 515

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS506Set the following parameters in addition to the parameters described inSection 1.1.D Bit 4 (CCR) of parameter No. 3405 = 0 : I and K are used forchamfer/corner radius specification.D Paramet...

  • Page 516

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS507(1) Registering an end mill tool for notching and groovingWhen a registered–tool directory is on the screen,press:[TOOL ENTRY]Confirm that the tool data is displayed on the screen,then ent...

  • Page 517

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS508NOTEWhen a registered–tool directory is on the screen, pressingthe [MENU RETURN] soft key redisplays the tool datamenu.

  • Page 518

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS509Program example)(1) Material code :FC25 Material type: Round bar (f105 × 123,including end face cutting allowance of 3 mm)(2) Process1 :Turning the end face and outside cylindricalsurface...

  • Page 519

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS510(4)Process 3 : Machining the cylindrical surface of the material around the C–axis with an end mill toolCylindrical workpieceGroove on the cylindrical surfaceExpanded view of cylindrical p...

  • Page 520

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS511[FC25](Workpiece material)[BAR](Workpiece figure)105 INPUT(Maximum outside dimension)INPUT(Minimum inside diameter)123 INPUT(Length)2000 INPUT(Maximum spindle speed)[ON](Coolant)0.5 I...

  • Page 521

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS512Pressing the cursor–down key (↓) at the end of initial data entry createsa new process and assigns various menus to the soft keys as shown below:<1BAR2PT.RPT3RESID.6GROOVE7NECK9DRILL1...

  • Page 522

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS513The last key operation [FIGURE END] in 2.3.3 creates a new process,resulting in the machining type menus being assigned to the soft keys asshown below:<1BAR2PT.RPT3RESID.6GROOVE7NECK9DRIL...

  • Page 523

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS514(2) Entering contour data (notching around the C–axis)Pressing the cursor–down key (↓) at the end of the operations (1)displays an entry window for contour approach data. Enter thecon...

  • Page 524

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS515(3) Displaying the figure of a productPressing the [PLOT] soft key displays the figure of the product inthe multiwindow. [PLOT](Displays the figure of the product.)[RETURN](Returns to the or...

  • Page 525

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS516The last key operation [FIGURE END] in 2.3.4 creates a new process,resulting in the machining type menus being assigned to the soft keys asshown below:<1BAR2PT.RPT3RESID.6GROOVE7NECK9DRIL...

  • Page 526

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS517NOTEWhen entering contour data for notching and cylindricalmachining around the C–axis, it is impossible to specify anarc with a center angle of 180°C or greater (semi–circle tofull cir...

  • Page 527

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS518Figure pattermSoftkey selectionNO.= 0020NAME =PRG–C START C=20.000 Z=50.000 C=99.999 Z=50.000 R=43.906 SHIFT ↓ J ...

  • Page 528

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS519A program can be checked by running it for animated simulation usingthe procedure shown below:On the main menu, press:[ 3 ](Machining simulation)A list of machining programs registered for...

  • Page 529

    3. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISB–62444E–1/04EXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS520<G.PRMA.PRMOPRTGRAPH+[GRAPH]NOTE1 For two–path lathes. these soft key are effective only fordisplay for the tool post selscted using the tool postsetection switch on the operalor’s pa...

  • Page 530

    B–62444E–1/043. CREATING MACHINING PROGRAMS FOR LATHES WITH THE C–AXISEXAMPLES OF CREATINGPROGRAMS521(3) Soft key [OPEN]X 0.000Z 0.000C 120.000ACT G00X 0.000Z 0.000C 0.000NXT G00X 0.000Z 0.000C 0.00019M43S → C500%FRONT<SIDEOPEN(DPRT) +MEM **** *** *** 14:40...

  • Page 531

    APPENDIX

  • Page 532

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX525A PARAMETERSWARNINGBe sure to use the parameters set by the machine tool builder.If you change the setting of a parameter, the machiningprogram may not work correctly.If the machining program does not work correctly, the tool maybump against the workpiece,...

  • Page 533

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX526NOTEIn addition to the parameters listed below, parameter Nos.9850 to 9862 are provided for drilling.9050STFECFSTFECF Cutting feed override at the start of cutting in turning/C–axis drilling.Valid data range:0 to 255Units: 1%9051ENFECFENFECF Cutting feed...

  • Page 534

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5279057SLFRCFSLFRCF Cutting feed override in turning/C–axis throw–away drilling. The cuttingfeed amount for drilling is automatically overridden by the value set forthis parameter.Valid data range:0 to 255Units:1%9061RGBN019075RGBN15RGBN01 – 15 Screen ...

  • Page 535

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX528NOTEParameters 9172 and subsequent parameters are usedonly when the number of types of workpiece material is expanded to 24 (when bit 0 (TOOL99) of parameter 9771 isset to 1).9100WKNM119107WKNM18WKNM11 – WKNM18: Character code of workpiece material 19108...

  • Page 536

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5299148WKNM719155WKNM78WKNM71 – WKNM78: Character code of workpiece material 79156WKNM819163WKNM88WKNM81 – WKNM88: Character code of workpiece material 89164WKNM919171WKNM98WKNM91 – WKNM98: Character code of workpiece material 99172WKN1019179WKN108WKN10...

  • Page 537

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5309212WKN1519219WKN158WKN151 – WKN158: Character code of workpiece material 159220WKN1619227WKN168WKN161 – WKN168: Character code of workpiece material 169228WKN1719235WKN178WKN171 – WKN178: Character code of workpiece material 179236WKN1819243WKN188WK...

  • Page 538

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5319276WKN2319283WKN238WKN231 – WKN238: Character code of workpiece material 239284WKN2419291WKN248WKN241 – WKN248: Character code of workpiece material 24

  • Page 539

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5329300MCNO1MCNO1: M code that is displayed at the top left of the screen andis output to the target device9301MCN0019316MCN016MCN001 – MCN016: Character code of the above M code9317MCNO2MCNO2: M code that is displayed at the left of the second lineand is o...

  • Page 540

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5339368MCNO5MCNO5: M code that is displayed at the left of the fifth line isoutput to the target device9369MCN0819384MCN096MCN081 – MCN096: Character code of the above M code9385MCNO6MCNO6: M code that is displayed at the left of the sixth line andis output...

  • Page 541

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5349437MCN1619452MCN176MCN161 – MCN176: Character code of the above M code9453MCNO10MCNO10: M code that is displayed at the left of the tenth line andis output to the target device9454MCN1819469MCN196MCN181 – MCN196: Character code of the above M code9470...

  • Page 542

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5359505MCN2419520MCN256MCN241 – MCN256: Character code of the above M code9521MCNO14MCNO14: M code that is displayed at the right of the fourth lineand is output to the target device9522MCN2619537MCN276MCN261 – MCN276: Character code of the above M code95...

  • Page 543

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5369589MCNO18MCNO18: M code that is displayed at the right of the eighth lineand is output to the target device9590MCN3419605MCN356MCN341 – MCN356: Character code of the above M code9606MCNO19MCNO19: M code that is displayed at the right of the ninth linean...

  • Page 544

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5379640TLNM019645TNM06TLNM01 – TNM06: Character code of the material for the special toolWhen all the parameters are set to 0, SPCIAL isdisplayed.96469655Bit parameters96569685Word parametersNOTEFor details of parameter Nos. 9646 to 9685, refer to themanual...

  • Page 545

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX538Four sub–programs which can be called on the conversational screen canbe registered using up to 12 characters for each.9700SBPR019711SBPR12SBPR01 – SBPR12: Character code of sub–program 19712SBPR219723SBPR32SBPR21 – SBPR32: Character code of sub–...

  • Page 546

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX539For two–path lathes, each tool post can be named by using the followingparameters:9748HNAML19753HNAML6HNAML1 to HNAML6: Character code of tool post 19754HNAMR19759HNAMR6HNAMR1 to HNAMR6: Character code of tool post 2A.8TOOL POST NAMEPARAMETERS

  • Page 547

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX540NOTEParameters for the conversational programming functionfor C–axis or Y–axis machining must be set to 0 if thecorresponding option is not provided.#7OPB9765#6OPR#5RKB#4RND#3DRS#2BSH#1CBR#0SLWBit No.SLW1 : The throw–away drilling function is enabled...

  • Page 548

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX541#79766#6#5#4SAP#3US2#2OSV#1TYP#0SC2Bit No.SC21 : Single action II is enabled.0 : Single action II is disabled.TYP1 : No TYPE data item is indicated in the process data for single action II.0 : A type data item is indicated in the process data for single ac...

  • Page 549

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX542SFG1 : Bar material machining for contours containing very small steps isenabled.0 : Bar material machining for contours containing very small steps isdisabled.NT01 : An offset cancel command in a conversational program is issuedusing T**00 (where ** is th...

  • Page 550

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX543D When T80/T99(V2) is 0Length of tape used for storage160m320m640m1280mNM0XNM7=0Number of processes115270575999Length of tape used for NC programstorage10m20m40m80mNM0=1(Other bits are 0)Number of processes105250535999(Other bits are 0)Length of tape used ...

  • Page 551

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX54496S1 : Spindle positioning control (96 angular subdivisions) of tool post 2(sub spindle) is enabled.0 : Spindle positioning control (96 angular subdivisions) of tool post 2(sub–spindle) is disabled.2SP1 : The conversational function for a lathe with a su...

  • Page 552

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX545#7INO9772#6DIO#5RFN#4YMD#3RLF#2EDM#1M50#0CM5Bit No.CM51:If C–axis or Y–axis machining is specified for both the previous andcurrent processes, M05 is output at the beginning of the currentprocess.0: If C–axis or Y–axis machining is specified for bo...

  • Page 553

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX546INO1 : When NC program conversion is carried out, the data of theworkpiece shift amount, tool–change position, chuck barrier, andtailstock barrier is output in the G10 block.0 : When NC program conversion is carried out, the data of theworkpiece shift am...

  • Page 554

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX547MDL1 : In the NC statement output, a continuous–state G code (G code of the01 group) and F code are not output if they are the same as those in theprevious block.0 : In the NC statement output, a continuous–state G code (G code of the01 group) and F co...

  • Page 555

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX54828O1 : The program is terminated without executing T0 and G28 at the end ofthe program.0 : The program is terminated after executing T0 and G28 at the end ofthe program.M1O1 : M01 is output after positioning at the tool changing position at the endof each ...

  • Page 556

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX549RVX1 : When an NC statement is output, the right–hand coordinate system(+X for the upper) is changed to the left hand coordinate system (–Xfor the upper).0 : When an NC statement is output , the right–hand coordinate system(+X for the upper) is not c...

  • Page 557

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX550CGR1 : The upper side of the screen corresponds to the +Z direction inanimated simulation in cylindrical machining.0 : The upper side of the screen corresponds to the –Z direction inanimated simulation in cylindrical machining.CGRPDR=0Program reference p...

  • Page 558

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX551SB21 : Subprogram 2 called by the subprogram calling process is held in theROM module by the macro compiler.0 : Subprogram 2 called by the subprogram calling process is held in astorage area on the tape.SB31 : Subprogram 3 called by the subprogram calling ...

  • Page 559

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX552DIE1 : The conversational mode is selected by pressing the soft key.0 : The conversational mode is selected by an input signal (G062.4).SSM1 : The subprogram for switching the mode from turning to milling isheld in the ROM module by the macro compiler.0 : ...

  • Page 560

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX553CRC1 : When the command for rotating the C–axis side facing tool specifiesnormal rotation, the M code for reverse rotation is output. When thecommand specifies reverse rotation, the M code for normal rotation isoutput.In C–axis tapping, the M code spe...

  • Page 561

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5549780OTSFPXOTSFPX: Distance along the X–axis from the maximum outer surface to thecommon safety point (passing point 2, V2) in outer surface machining(diameter) Pass point 2 is automatically set based on this data.Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0....

  • Page 562

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX555Common safety point (passingpoint 2, V2)INCLRZCutting start point9784SFCLRXSFCLRX: Clearance to the cutting or machining start point along the X–axis(diameter). The cutting or machining start point is automaticallydetermined based on this data.Setting r...

  • Page 563

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX556(4) [Inner surface + automatic residual machining]:X = [Minimum inside diameter of the workpiece (or [Maximumdiameter of a hole drilled in the workpiece])] – [ParameterNo. 9784]= [X coordinate of minimum point on the contour (or –[Parameter No. 9784])]...

  • Page 564

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX557(10) [Inner surface + automatic residual machining (reverse direction)]:X = [Minimum inside diameter of the workpiece (or [Maximumdiameter of a hole drilled in the workpiece])] – [ParameterNo. 9784]= [X coordinate of minimum point on the contour (or –[...

  • Page 565

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX558(4) [Inner surface away from the edges]:X = [Minimum inside diameter of the workpiece (or [Maximumdiameter of a hole drilled in the workpiece])] – [ParameterNo. 9784]Z = [End face of the workpiece] + [Parameter No. 9785]= [Z coordinate of start point on ...

  • Page 566

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5595. Threading(1) [Outer surface]:X = [Maximum outside diameter of the workpiece] +[Parameter No. 9784]Z = [End face of the workpiece] + [Parameter No. 9785]= –[Length of the workpiece] + [Cutting allowance on the endface] – [Parameter No. 9785] (Sub–s...

  • Page 567

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5609787HLSFPXHLSFPX X coordinate (diameter) of the common safety point (passing point 2, V2)in drilling (turning)Pass point 2 is automatically set based on this data.Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9788HLSFPZHLSFPZ Z coordinate of t...

  • Page 568

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX561NOTEThe machining that can be executed depends on thespecifications of the machine.9792CAXIS2CAXIS2 C–axis machining menu selected for tool post 20: The C–axis machining menu and Y–axis machining menu are notdisplayed.1: C–axis drilling and C–axi...

  • Page 569

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5629795CUTCHGCUTCHG Rate of change in the depth of cut in bar machining, pattern repeating, andresidual machining. If the parameter is set to 0, the depth of cut remainsunchanged.Setting range:0 to 200Increment: %When the depth of cut is 5 mm, CUTCHG is 70%,...

  • Page 570

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX563RELFXRELFZ9799CLRSDXCLRSDX Clearance along the X–axis from the line connecting the start point andthe end point of residual machining (end face)Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9800CLRSDZCLRSDZ Clearance along the Z–axis from ...

  • Page 571

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX564TLBACK""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""9802PCOVR1...

  • Page 572

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX565(1) General–purpose tool for outer surface machining (right hand)(2) General–purpose tool for inner surface machining (left hand)9013518022527090135180225270(3) General–purpose tool for inner surface machining (right hand)(4) General–purpose tool f...

  • Page 573

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5669806FSTOVRFSTOVR Surface speed override for the first cut in roughing for bar machining,pattern repeating, or end facing (mill scale machining)Setting range: 0 to 20Increment: 10%The override is appliedonly to the speed of thefirst cut.9807ENDECXENDECX X...

  • Page 574

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5679815NEANGNEANG Angle from each coordinate axis in neckingSetting range: 0 to 90Increment: DegreesNEANGA.12PARAMETERS FORNECKING

  • Page 575

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5689820CLGRVXCLGRVX Clearance (diameter) along the X axis in outer or inner surface grooving Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9821CLGRVZCLGRVZ Clearance along the Z axis in end surface groovingSetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0....

  • Page 576

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5699823GRVMINGRVMIN Clamp value (radius) for the depth of cut in grooving Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9824GRVBCKGRVBCK Pecking clearance for grooving (radius)Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9825OVLGRVO...

  • Page 577

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5709830CLSCRXCLSCRX Clearance (diameter) along the X axis for threadingSetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9831CLSCRZCLSCRZ Acceleration distance along the Z axis for threadingSetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inchesC...

  • Page 578

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5719833TRDMINTRDMIN Minimum depth (radius) of cut for threadingSetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9834TRDFNXTRDFNX Finish allowance along the X axis for threading (diameter)Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches983...

  • Page 579

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5729840YCANPNYCANPN Number of the compile parameter in which the M code to disable theY–axis machining mode is catalogedNOTECatalog the M code to enable the Y–axis machining modein the compile parameter subsequent to this one.Setting range: 9023 to 9031A....

  • Page 580

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5739850DRLDECDRLDEC: Reduced depth of cut in peck or high–speed peck drilling (radius) to be setautomaticallySetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inches9851DRLRETDRLRET: Return clearance for peck or high–speed peck drilling (radius) to be...

  • Page 581

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX574NOTESet this parameter to 0 when there is no optional C–axisgraphic conversation function.Drilling or grooving start pointGRDLCLDrilling or grooving start pointMachining start point9856TAPCCLTAPCCL: Clearance at each starting point in C–axis tapping (r...

  • Page 582

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5759858BRSHFTBRSHFT Amount of shift for returning in boring (radius)Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001 mm0.0001 inchesBRSHIFTF= F × 0.1 × REMROVF9859BRCLERBRCLER: Clearance for returning in boring (radius)Setting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 0.001...

  • Page 583

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX576NOTEIn boring, the tool normally returns in rapid traverse. Whenthe hole has a small diameter (TW + BRSHFT < DD), the toolreturns with the speed indicated by this parameter. In reaming, the tool always returns with the speed indicatedby this parameter....

  • Page 584

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5779865OVLNTCOVLNTC: Overlaps between each cutting in side face notchingSetting range:0 to 100Increment: PercentTWOL = TW × OVLNTC/100OL9866APRCFDAPRCFD: Feedrate for approaching and retraching during notchingNOTEWhen 0 is specified, the tool moves at the ma...

  • Page 585

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5789870GERMC1GERMC1: M–code output when a low–speed gear is selected (Main spindle)Setting range:0 to 2559871GERMC2GERMC2: M–code output when intermediate–speed gear 1 is selected (Mainspindle)Setting range:0 to 2559872GERMC3GERMC3: M–code output wh...

  • Page 586

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5799877MLNMLMNOTEWhen a value out of the setting range is set, the M–code isnot output. This parameter must be set to 0 when there isno optional C–axis graphic conversation function.9878MLRVSMMLRVSM: M–code to rotate the milling axis in reverseSetting ...

  • Page 587

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX5809883SQNOICSQNOIC: Specification for the sequence number to be output for each block duringNC statement translation0 : No sequence number is output.1 to 8999:A specified value is added to the sequence number for the first block of each process.–8999 to ...

  • Page 588

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX581NOTEWhen this parameter is set to 0, the cutting power is notcalculated. If bit 0 (T99) of parameter No. 9771 is set to 0,the system does not check the cutting power usingparameters Nos. 9885 to 9887.9886SMTPWRSMTPWR: Output of the spindle motor used when...

  • Page 589

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX582NOTEThis parameter is used to calculate the machining time inmachining simulation.9891TFNCTMTFNCTM: Average time required to execute the tool functionSetting range:0 to 99999999Increment: 10 msNOTEThis parameter is used to calculate the machining time inm...

  • Page 590

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX5839896GERM4SGERM4S: M code to be output when the high gear is selected (sub–spindle)Setting range:0 to 2559897ANGNTLANGNTL: Angle of turret (tool post 1)Setting range:0 to 99NOTE This parameter is used for the tool/chuck interference checkfunction.9898DTCT...

  • Page 591

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX584The following parameters in the NC must be set when a conversationalfunction is used.1022Setting axes in the reference coordinate systemTo determine the following planes for circular interpolation and tool tipradius compensation, set each control axis to a...

  • Page 592

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX585#73405#6#5#4CCR#3#2#1#0CCRTo specify a corner radius during chamfering,1 : Addresses I and K are used. In direct programming of a drawingdimension, “,C” or “,R” are used.0 : Addresses C and R are used. Address C cannot be used as the name ofa C...

  • Page 593

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX586CSFDuring NC program conversion, NC program display and product figure drawing are:1 : Enabled.0 : Disabled.NZMScreen magnification according to the specified coordinates of the center of the screen and magnification is:1 : Enabled. (The conventional scre...

  • Page 594

    B–62444E–1/04A. PARAMETERSAPPENDIX587X1GRPAXS=11GRPAXS=12ZZX2X2X1ZZX2X1GRPAXS=15X1X2GRPAXS=146510Drawing coordinate system: GRPAXGRPAX:Drawing coordinate system in the graphic function (Set the value each toolpost)D Only the following values are valid for tool post 1 of the 1–path latheand...

  • Page 595

    A. PARAMETERSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX588D Only the following values are valid for tool post 2 of the 2 turrets lathewith facing two spindles.21: The program reference position is on the chuck end surface and onlythe upper half of the material is displayed.31: The program reference position is o...

  • Page 596

    B–62444E–1/04B. ALARMSAPPENDIX589BALARMSIf one or more of the set parameters are incorrect or the machiningprogram which was created in the conversational mode is incorrect whenan attempt is made to execute that program, the following P/S alarms areraised.When an alarm other than the followin...

  • Page 597

    B. ALARMSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX590AlarmDescription3005CauseOn the process data screen, the value for the feedrate is missingor set to 0.Action On the process data screen corresponding to this alarm, enter acorrect value for the feedrate.ReferenceSection 6.4 in Part II CREATING A MACHINING PROG...

  • Page 598

    B–62444E–1/04B. ALARMSAPPENDIX591AlarmDescription3020CauseCutting in bar machining is impossible because of the relationshipbetween the tool angle, cutting edge angle, and clearance angle(parameter 9801) for the tool used.This alarm is raised when the sum of the above three angles is lessthan...

  • Page 599

    B. ALARMSB–62444E–1/04APPENDIX592AlarmDescription3026CauseThe groove width or tool used is incorrect in grooving.This alarm is raised when the width of the tool used is smaller thanthe groove width.ActionOn the process data screen for the grooving process correspond-ing to this alarm, check t...

  • Page 600

    B–62444E–1/04B. ALARMSAPPENDIX593AlarmDescription3031CauseThe chamfering tool is incorrect in C–axis grooving or C–axis cy-lindrical machining.This alarm is raised when the smaller diameter of the chamferingtool is larger than the groove width.ActionSelect a chamfering tool whose minor di...

  • Page 601

    IndexB–62444E–1/04i–1AAdding a figure, 103Adding a new process, 97Alarms, 589Alarms during conversion of the machining program into theNC program, 124Alternation of G30 command in macro program, 90Animated simulation, 484, 519Animated simulation function for machining with thesub–spindle,...

  • Page 602

    INDEXB–62444E–1/04i–2Details of contour calculation, 260Details of conversion to machining program in the left–handcoordinate system, 457Details of cylindrical machining, 423Details of end facing, 314Details of figure data, 256, 308, 323, 337, 352, 366, 382, 388,394, 400, 408, 416, 421Det...

  • Page 603

    INDEXB–62444E–1/04i–3M–code process, 375Machine coordinate system, 44, 47, 50Machining condition data and surface roughness data, 203Machining condition data for general–purpose tools, 203Machining programs for 2–axes (X and Z axis) lathes, 246Machining programs for lathes with C–ax...

  • Page 604

    INDEXB–62444E–1/04i–4Setting cutting condition data, 475Setting data, 160Setting data on the setting screen before execution, 129Setting parameters, 470, 506Setting parameters in the NC, 584Setting the reader/punch interface, 125Setting the workpiece shift amount, 485Setting tool and cuttin...

  • Page 605

    Revision RecordFANUCSuperCAPT/SuperCAPIITOPERATOR'SMANUAL(B-62444E-1)04Oct., ’97·Series 16i/18i–TA is added.03Dec., ’95·Series 16–TC and Series 18–TC are added.·Super CAP II T is added.02Nov., ’94·Series 18–TB is added.·Following functions are added.Offset Data Save and Restore...

  • Page 606

    · No part of this manual may bereproduced in any form.· All specifications and designsare subject to change withoutnotice.

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