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    1VERTICAL MACHINING CENTERVS50/60INSTRUCTION MANUALOPERATIONSEIKI-SEICOS Σ16M/18MVersion 1.01BO-2782-1-0221-E-1-01

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    1IntroductionThank you for your having purchased the machine, favoring our product lines for your use.This manual contains fundamental information on the machine operation. Please read and fullyunderstand the contents for your safe machine operation.In particular, the contents of the items conce...

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    iCONTENTS 6,OPERATION OF MACHINE 6,...................................................................... 6,1 -1 6,1. 6, 6, Daily Maintenance and Inspection 6,....................................................................................... 6,1 -1 6,2. 6, Outline of 6,Main Operation...

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    ii 55,10. 55, 55, Automatic Operation 55,........................................................................................................ 55,1-50 55,10-1 55, When Machining the 55,First Workpiece, Checking the Newly Created 55,Program 55,.......... 55,1-50 55,10-2 55, Program Me...

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    iii 106,18-7 106, Tool Life Screen 106,....................................................................................................... 106,1-101 110,18-8 110, Spare Tool Screen 110,.................................................................................................... 1...

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    1 - 1 Note : When you operated a function which the specifications do not allow, the lamp of that pushbutton switch blinks, and the alarm lamp [8] and call light are turned on. Also, “NOOPTION” is displayed on the CRT.[1][2]These are used for selectingoperation modes: “MDI”, “PROGRAMED...

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    1 - 2[3][4][5]Spindle rotationeffective keyMode selectorswitchesProgram START/ FEED HOLDswitchesThese push button switches startand stop the spindle.(It is necessary to specify a spindlespeed in advance.)These are used for selectingoperation modes: “FEED”, and“ZERO RETURN”.FEED... This mo...

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    1 - 3ProgramSTART / FEEDHOLD switchesAxis moveswitchesInitial positioncheckStatus displaylamp[5][6][7][8]Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.FEED HOLD.. This push buttonswitch suspends a program’sprogress. An axis being operatedstops and a red lamp located abo...

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    1 - 4Automaticpower shut-offswitchCall right offswitchWork setterSafety checkOperation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[9][10][11][12]This makes the automatic powershut-off function effective. Aftermachining cycle is completed, thepower is automatically shut-off byM30...

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    1 - 5Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[12][14][15][16]Safety checkOverrideFeedrateoverrideswitchesSpindleoverrideswitchesTOOL LENGTH... Measures andstores the length of the tool used foran actual machining program.COLLATION... Sets the Z axis to amachine lock ...

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    1 - 6Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[17][18][19][20]Rapid overrideswitchesConveyorswitchWork lightswitchCoolantswitchesThese push button switches applyan override (ranging from 0 to100%) to a specified rapid traverserate. When the power is turned ON,the ove...

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    1 - 7Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[21][22][22][24][25][26][27]FeedrateswitchesOptional blockskipRestart ofblockPowerStandbyEmergencystop(Main/Sub-operationpanel)MemoryThese push button switches select amanual jog feed rate between 0 mm/min and 5,000 mm/min...

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    1 - 8Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]MemorySpeed meterLoad meterTool clamp/unclampOptional stopSingle blockProgram restartManual pulsegenerator(Portable)WRITE ... Shift this switch to“WRITE” when writing or correctingmemory...

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    1 - 9Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[36][37][38][39][40][41]State OKindicationCutting monitorCutting monitorBlock skipAIR BLOWMagazinerotation (ATC)Information such as mode, override,interlock, and spindle tool No.necessary for machining can bemonitored.The ...

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    1 - 10Operation methodPushbuttonLampEffective modeAuto.ManualUseNameGroupNo.[42][43][44][45]O(Key switch)ManualindexingATC initialposition returnAuto doorDOORINTERLOCKReplacement of tools can be doneeven when automatic operation isgoing on.ON ... “FORWARD” and“REVERSE” buttons are effecti...

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    1 - 11 Main operation box (I)[41]

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    1 - 12Fig.4-2 Main operation box (II)

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    1 - 13Auxiliary operation box (I) Spindle tool clamp/unclamp Auxiliary operation box (II) — ATC magazine

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    1 - 14Handle operating panelMagnification ofhandleManual pulsegeneratorAxis selectionHandle mode selection

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    1 - 152-2 NC Operation Panel

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    1 - 16 NC Operation Panel

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    1 - 17No.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] [9][10][11][12][13 ][14][15]NameRESET keyFunction keysOPER/MAINTERETURN keyAUX. KeyHELP keyAddress and NumericalkeysSHIFT keyINPUT keyCANCEL keyORIGIN keyDELET ALTER and INSRTkeysCursor move keyPage keyOPER. GUIDEDescriptionPress this key when resetting the CNC u...

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    1 - 18CautionCaution3. Operational Procedures3-1 When Starting the Machine(1) Turn on the supply power Switch.(2) Turn on the power switch on the electric cabinets(3) Press the POWER ON push button switch located on the upper part of the main operationpanel.The main panel and NC cabinet a...

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    1 - 19CautionCaution3-2 Warming-up Operation of Spindle3-2-1 Warming-up at the Time of Starting Daily OperationIt is necessary to keep the bearing lubrication in a good condition for getting the normalspindle revolution. If the spindle is suddenly rotated at a high speed without warming-up...

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    1 - 20Caution2.#40 - Spindle of 20,000min-1 specification (oil air lubrication)Warming-up after the spindle has not been used for more thanone week (minimum warming-up time 4 hours)[1] By 5,000min-1 for 1 hour or longer↓[2] By 10,000min-1 for 1 hour or longer↓[3] By 15,000min-1 for 1 hour or ...

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    1 - 213-4 When Completing the Daily Operation(1) Confirm that START display lamp on the main operation panel is lit off.(2) Press EMERGENCY STOP button on the main operation panel.(3) Clean the machine.(4) Release EMERGENCY STOP button on the main operation panel.(5) Set operation prepa...

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    1 - 224. Manual Operation4-1 Each Axial Feed— In case of manual jog feed —(1) Select the operation mode selector push button switch “JOG”.(2) Press the FEEDRATE push button switch to set an appropriate feed rate. Pressing themanual jog feed push button switch for a desired axis, mo...

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    1 - 234-3 Mounting and Dismounting the Tool(1) Stop the spindle head at an arbitrary position.(2) Select one of manual operation modes; JOG, RAPID, HANDLE or ZERO RETURN.(3) Holding a tool firmly, shift to UNCLAMP the TOOL CLAMP/UNCLAMP selector push buttonswitch, which is located on the fron...

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    1 - 245. Manual Data Input (MDI) Operation5-1 Each Axial Feed(1) After pressing RETURN button to get the general screen, set the mode selectionpushbutton switch to [MDI].(2) General (MDI) is displayed on the display unit.(3) Select the axis, which you want to mode, with the address keys, ...

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    1 - 255-4 Spindle Positioning(1) After pressing RETURN button to get the general screen, set the mode selectionpushbutton switch to [MDI].(2) General (MDI) is displayed on the display unit.(3) Press the address key M(4) Enter 1 and 9 by operating the numerical keys then press the RETU...

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    1 - 266. Registration of ProgramThere are following two methods to register a program into the NC unit.1.Registration from an external input device2.manual registration by the address/numeral keys6-1 Registration from an External Device1)Connect an input device RS-232-C terminaland make a possi...

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    1 - 276-2 Manual Registration by the Address/Numeral Keys1)Set a mode [EDIT].2)Set the memory key to [WRITE].3)Press the F2/PRGRM key.4)Key in a desired program No. and press theINSERT key.Example: 0 1 2 3 4 INSRT5)Set the cursor to; by the cursor key.

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    1 - 286)Input a program according to the order ofthe NC program.Example:Data>G91 G28 X0;•The EOB key must be inputted at theend of one block.•Press the CANCEL key when the datawhich has inputted want to be deleted.A word deletes one by one.7)Press the RETURN key and return to theinit...

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    1 - 297. Program No. SearchThere are following two methods to search a program.1. Search by key in a program No.2. Search to utilize the program list.7-1 Search by Key in a Program No.1)Set a mode to the [MEMORY] or [EDIT].2)Set the memory key to [WRITE].3)Press the function key F2/PRGRM .4)Key...

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    1 - 307-2 Search to Utilize the Program List.1)Set a mode to the [MEMORY] or [EDIT].2)Set the memory key to [WRITE].3)Press the function key F2/PRGRM .4)Press the F7/PROGRAM LIST key.5)Set the cursor to the program No. to besearched by the cursor key and press theINPUT key.Calling up program ...

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    1 - 318. Edition of ProgramThe keys to edit a program are as follows;INSERT: Insert a content of key input after the cursor.ALTER: Alter a content of key input at a section of the cursor.DELETE: Delete a section of the cursor.Use it deletion of program as well.8-1 Preparation in Advance at the ...

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    1 - 328-2 Search of WordA word can be searched by the following method.1)A method by means of the page and cursorkeys.[1]Press the page key and display thepage to be edited.[2]Press the cursor key and move thecursor to the word to be edited.• The cursor moves at a block unit bythe keys.• ...

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    1 - 33When searching a section above thecurrent position of cursor, press the key[2]Block searchCheck a word in a block and search ablock which contains a relevant wordonly.Key in all address and numerals of oneblock then press EOB and key.Example: When searching a block ofM06 T06;Note) The ...

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    1 - 34[3]When inserting one block, key in dataof one block and press EOB andINSERT key.

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    1 - 35(2) Alteration of wordAlter a word, the cursor located currently, tothe new word.Alteration is done by a word unit.[1]Set the cursor to the word to be altered.[2]Key in the new word then press theALTER key.Example: Alter S1000 to S2000.After alterationS1000 replaces S2000.S 2 0 0 ...

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    1 - 36(3) Deletion of word, blockA word currently located the cursor or acertain boundary of a program can bedeleted.(a) Deletion of word[1]Set the cursor to a word to be deleted.[2]Press the DELETE key.Example: When deleting Z-200.0Set the cursor to Z-200.0then press the DELETE key.After dele...

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    1 - 37(b) Deletion of blockIt can be deleted one block at a time.[1]Set the cursor to the head of the blockto be deleted.[2]Press the EOB and DELETE .Example: When deleting a block G04X 10.0;Set the cursor to G04 andpress the EOB andDELETE key.After deletionThe block G04... is deleted andpr...

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    1 - 38(c) Boundary deletionDelete blocks after the cursor to before thedesignated sequence No.[1]Set the cursor to the head word to bedeleted.[2]Key in the sequence No. just after thelast block to be deleted and press theDELETE key.Note) Search the sequence No. beforedeletion and check how far i...

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    1 - 398-4 Back Ground EditingGenerally, “Editing” means front side editing, however this editing could not watch contents ofprogram and also edition is not available while executing a program.In fact, giving a possibility to edit a program while executing a program is a back ground editing....

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    1 - 40Caution4)Search a program wanted to edit.A procedure of search is exactly sameas a (front) editing.Never execute a reset operation, since the machine will stops if reset is done duringmachine operation at the time of back ground editing.5)Execute edition of program.A procedure of edition is...

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    1 - 416) End of back ground editing[1]Press the F2/BACK GRD EDIT key.A title of screen becomes a “Program”.It becomes normal editing screen.8-5 Copy of ProgramA program being displayed can be copied on theother number and displayed.1)Display a program wanted to be copied.2)Key in a new pro...

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    1 - 428-6 Editing Procedure of Range Designation (Expanded Tape Editing/Option)Designate a range of program and this “Insertion”, “Deletion” or “Storage” can be done at theprogram screen.• Starting of range editingOperation...... Press the F3/RANGE EDIT key.The function changes i...

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    1 - 438-7 Alteration of Word (Expanded Tape Editing)At the program screen, search a designated word to be altered in the program and rewrite it to aword to be altered.There are following two methods for alteration of word.1)Search one word each and alter if after confirmation.2)Alter words colle...

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    1 - 44OPERATIONMESSAGEF5/WORD CONVT. ........................................ “INPUT a word to be altered.”Input the word to be altered ........................... “Input the word to be altered.”Input the word to be replaced ....................... “Alter word from....to....”The word...

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    1 - 458-8 Deletion of ProgramThere are following two methods to delete a program.1. Delete it by the program list screen.2. Delete it by key input at the program screen.1)Deleting method by the program list screen.[1]Press the F7/ PROGRAM LIST key atthe program screen.[2]Set the cursor at the ...

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    1 - 462)Deleting method by key input[1]Display the program screen.[2]Key in the program No. to be deletedand press the DELETE key.Example: In case of deleting O100O 1 0 0 DELET[3]Against a message “Is it all rightto delete?”, press the Y key ifyou agree.A program keyed in is d...

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    1 - 47CautionIf source power is switched off during “Condensation”, the program is destroyed.When a program is found to be abnormal, initialize the program memory, and input theprogram anew.8-10 Process After EditionPress the RETURN key.Return to the initial screen.

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    1 - 489. Output of ProgramNC program can be outputted to the external in/output equipment.1)Connect an output device to the RS-232-Cterminal and make it ready.2)Make a mode selection to [EDIT].3)Press the function key F8/IN/OUT .Note) When “Dondon FD” is on the screendisplay, press the F5/...

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    1 - 494)By pressing F7/ LIST CHANGE , switchover the screen display from “Program No.List” to “Program No. Detail”.• To select Program No.Place the cursor at the Program No. to beselect then press the SPACE .An asterisk is marked at the head of theProgram No. selected. When selectin...

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    1 - 50! WARNINGCaution10. Automatic Operation10-1 When Machining the First Workpiece, Checking the Newly Created Program(1) Go through the steps (1) through (5) mentioned in 4-6-2 “Program Memory Operation”(2) Turn on the [SINGLE BLOCK] switch. (When this is done, it is recommended to set...

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    1 - 51CautionCaution10-3 When Inserting Manual Operation in Automatic Operation(1) Press the PROGRAM STOP push button switch (while program operation is suspended, ared lamp lights up.) or suspend the machine operation by turnig [ON] SINGLE BLOCKswitch.(2) Select the operation mode selector pu...

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    1 - 5211. Operation of Automatic Tool Changer (ATC)11-1 Names of ATC Each SectionBedMagazineServo motor(Magazine rotation)Tool change positionTool setting positionTool feed handProximity switch(Tool feed hand open/close)LS603A, 603BAir cylinder(Hand forward and backward movement)Proximity s...

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    1 - 5311-2 Explanation of ActionsATC operates continuously according to command contents.1. Change Spindle and Waiting Tool……M06 OperationNote) (M1**) in the figures operates only at the maintenance mode.Z-axis second original pointThird original point positionTool loosenedArm downwardm...

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    1 - 542. Call Tool to Waiting Position………….T01~T20 (T30 Option)Note) (M1**) in the figures operates only at the maintenance mode.1)Index magazine of waiting tool number.5)Index magazine of T code number.(M104)2)Feed hand is closed (M102).3)Move feed hand to magazine side.4)Feed hand is op...

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    1 - 553. Return Waiting Tool to Magazine……….T00 ActionNote) (M1**) in the figures operates only at the maintenance mode.1)Index magazine of waiting tool number.5)Index magazine of spindle tool number.(M104)2)Feed hand is closed (M102).3)Move feed hand to magazine side.4)Feed hand is open (M...

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    1 - 5611-3 Rotation of Tool Storage Magazine (at Single Mode)The magazine is rotated while the pushbutton switch on the ATC single operation panel is beingpressed. When requested pot No. comes close to the specified position, release thepushbutton, which makes the magazine decelerate, positi...

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    1 - 57Caution11-4 Attachment and Detachment of ToolsAttachment and detachment of tools are accomplished through the tool attachment/detachment window on the right side of the machine. The procedures are as follows.[1] Keep pressing manual indexing button “ON” on ATC control panel until t...

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    1 - 5811-5 Relation Between Spindle Nose Key and ATCWhen turning edges of tools which have directionality such a boring bar in the direction of keyof the magazine grip, the edges, attached to the spindle by ATC action, turn to the left from themachine front.11-6 Attention When Using Oil H...

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    1 - 5911-7 ATC Program Operation(1) Block operation by the program (automatic mode)The ATC carries out the following block operations, depending on the program:T; Calls the tool No. from the tool magazine to an arm “standbyposition”.M06; Replace the tool in the spindle with that located ...

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    1 - 6011-8 Condition Check During ATC Execution1)• Tool No. on the spindle• Tool No. at the ATC arm standby position are displayed on the general screen.2)• Tool No. commanded in a program is displayed on the commanded value screen.How to display each screen is as follows:1)How to displ...

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    1 - 612)How to display the commanded value screenDisplay the general screen → Press the F1/POSITION key → Press the function key F4/COMMAND VALUE for commanded values → The commanded value screen appears.

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    1 - 62Caution12. Setting (Data)12-1 OutlineVarious setting data required to operate the machine can be set.The setting (Data) screen is displayed by pressing the F5/SET key.In this screen, parameters frequently used are classified together by item or purpose for easysetting.An option is not d...

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    1 - 63N(2) Number searchSince all pages have serial number, a page or cursor can be moved at once by the numbersearch. A search executes by pressing a cursor key after inputting N andfollowing numerals.ExampleN: Number = 12 (Move to No. 12)N: Number = 1 + 10 (Move to No. 11)(3) Setting met...

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    1 - 6413. Time Measuring, DataMachining time and cutting time are displayed at the lower right of the general screen. It can bedisplayed by pressing the RETURN key.13-1 Time MeasuringFour type of time is measured at the lower right of the screen. It can be measured in the limitof less than ...

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    1 - 65(2) Machining timeAccumulate a time during machining. (A time of the start lamp is being on.)(3) Cutting timeAccumulate a time during cutting feed. (A time during cutting feed by G01, G02 or G03)(4) Lap timeMeasure a lap time between a tool and tool. At the time of tool change set it to ...

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    1 - 6614. Animated Drawing14-1 OutlineWhen the F7/GRAPH key is pressed, the animated drawing screen is displayed.Animated drawing of a locus of a tool is executed here. Also, the following data are displayed forthe reference of animated drawing. Animated drawing plane of parameter Tool tip p...

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    1 - 67 Indication of rotating angle (Horizontal, Vertical) Drawing zone (Maximum, Minimum) Indication of drawing for each tool (Color designation) Selection of cutting feed line Selection of rapid traverse line Color designation for drawing dot lines.14-2 Drawing ParameterThe drawing parameter s...

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    1 - 68(2) Drawing for each toolChange a drawing color at each time of tool change.Applicable color are up to six and return to the beginning color beyond it.Execute the setting by the color designation. marks are on at the side of setting has done. Change is decided by pressing the INPUT key af...

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    1 - 69Enter numeral 0-4 (according to the above illustrations), then press the INPUT key.The selected plane is displayed on the screen.A numeral with minus sign is ineffective, which gives no drawing plane on the screen.(2) Rotation AngleThis is effective for drawing plane “0” (3-axis expre...

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    1 - 7015. Parameter SettingThe parameter setting is executed by the followingprocedure.1)Set the mode to the [MDI].2)Set the memory key to the [Write].3)Make effective the “Parameter rewriting” ofthe setting (data).[1]Press the F5/SET key.[2]Set the cursor to “7. Rewriting ofparameter”...

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    1 - 714)Press the RETURN key and make theinitial screen.5)Press the OPER/MAINTE key and then the F4/SYSTEM key.It becomes the menu screen.6)Set the cursor to “1. PARAMETERS” bycursor key and press the INPUT key.The screen changes to the parametersetting items.

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    1 - 727)Select an item to be changed by the cursorkey and press the INPUT key.The parameter list is displayed.If the setting is “Selected”, it displays as theright side sketch for example.8)Set the cursor to the parameter No. to bechanged by the page key or cursorkey or direct call b...

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    1 - 73[3] Return the cursor display to the“Number” column by the cursor key after completion of setting.The parameter can be changed bydirect input of hexadecimal number.(b) A data indicated by numerals.[1] Key in the new numerals and pressthe INPUT key at the condition ofdisplay as “P: A...

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    1 - 7416. Operations Concerning W-Setter16-1 OutlineW-setter enables automatic setting of tool offset amount and workorigin offset amount by a simple manual operation with a touch sensormechanism.Work setter (Setting of work origin offset amount)Reference surfaceReference holeCoordinates mo...

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    1 - 7516-3 Operation for Setting of Work Setter Reference Surface(1) Execute reference point return of 3 standard axes manually. Attach the touch probe to thespindle.(2) In the manual mode, have the work setter reference surface screen ON.→ Work coordinate (compensation) screen (Fig. 1.8) ...

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    1 - 7616-4 Operation for Setting of Work Setter Reference Hole(1) Execute reference point return of 3 standard axes manually. Attach the touch probe to thespindle.(2) In the manual mode, have the work setter reference hole screen ON.→Work coordinate (compensation) screen (Fig. 1.8) is sele...

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    1 - 77By this key operation, the hole diameter or boss diameter is displayed on theright of the commentary message.(Note 4) The touch probe data used for calculating work origin and offset amount is tobe set with parameter (No.6252~6255) in advance.16-5 Operation for Setting of Work Setter Co...

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    1 - 78(Note 1) When the system is reset in the midst of the setting operation (during 2nd or3rd point is being measured), the system returns to the initial status (the statusto be ready for the 1st point measurement).(Note 2) The mutual distances between the 3 points is short against the paramete...

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    1 - 79(the standard surface), the distance between zero point and the standard block is set to theparameters (No.6249~6251). Also, by measuring from Z axis direction, safety guardparameters (No.6258~6259) are set at the same time. Be sure to return to the previousscreen by pressing F2/REF. GAU...

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    1 - 80(Note 3) Data of the touch probe used for measurement is set in parameter (No.6252~6255) inadvance. There are two ways of the setting, one is to write in as parameter and theother is to write in on the tool (compensation) screen. For the latter method, press F8/SENSOR SET and get the mul...

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    1 - 81Tool setter Tool length measuring mode (Cursor position = Length compensationcolumn) F5/Length-Diameter Switch Over or [←] [←] [→] [→]Tool diameter measuring mode (Cursor position = Diametercompensation column)The tool length/diameter measuring mode is effective during...

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    1 - 82Caution6255Sensor length measured from the gauge line6256Retracting amount at time of re-touching6257Minimum value of the distance for hole and corner 3-point measurement6258Relief guard measurement position (X)6259Relief guard measurement position (Y)6260Reference tool diameter6261Eccentri...

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    1 - 83Caution(6) When making a hole measurement, three measuring points for probe touchshould be selected as mutually distant as possible.(7) When making measurement, the center of the probe ball correctly positionedagainst the measuring face.(8) When the thermal displacement compensation functio...

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    1 - 8417. Safety Guard17-1 Safety Guard (Tool Length)This function measures the tool length of the tool used for the machining program in the AUTOmode.(1) Operation method[1]Perform zero point return.[2]Attach a touch probe to the spindle and a reference block to the table.[3]Measure the refere...

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    1 - 85(3) Sample programO0001;N1 G54 G90 G00 X0 Y0;N2 G30 G91 X0 Y0 Z0;N3 T01 M06;-----Executes T01 and M06.N4 G00 G90 X100. Y100.N5 G43 Z-100. H1;-----Measures the H1 tool length.N6 M98 P2;N7 T02;-----Executes T02.N8 G30 G91 X0 Y0 Z0;N9 M06;N10 G00 G90 X200. Y200....

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    1 - 86(4) Description of Measuring Operation[1]The X and Y axis move to the referenceblock position at rapid traverse rate.[2]Bring the Z axis close to the referenceblock by the [HANDLE] or [JOG] feed.(Operate just in the automatic mode.)[3]Apply the Z axis to the reference blockby the [HANDLE] o...

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    1 - 87(6) ParametersRefer to 17-2 Safety Guard (Comparison).(7) AlarmsNo. 213Safety guard tool length operation error[#001] TOOL LENGTH button has been pushed except in reset state.[#002]After tool length measurement is started, prior to resetting (M02, M30, Resetkey, %) being applied, TOOL LEN...

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    1 - 8817-2 Safety Guard (Comparison)This function executes the machining program in the AUTO mode with the X and Y axes movingand the Z axis machine-locked, measures the workpiece profile (Z-axis direction) in an optional Z-axis positioning block, and checks for an interference with workpiece.(1...

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    1 - 89(2) Sample programO0001;N1 G54 G90 G00 X0 Y0;N2 G30 G91 X0 Y0 Z0;N3 T01 M06;N4 G00 G90 X100. Y100.;N5 G43 Z-100. H1;----ComparisonN6 M98 P2;N7 T02;N8 G30 G91 X0 Y0 Z0;N9 M06;N10 G00 G90 X200. Y200.;N11 G43 Z-100. H2;-----ComparisonN12 M98 P2;N13 M30;---...

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    1 - 90(3) Comparison movements[1]Bring the Z axis close to workpiece by the [HANDLE] or [JOG] feed.[2]Apply the Z axis to this workpiece by the [HANDLE] or [JOG] feed.→The buzzer sounds and the work-piece profile is measured.[3]Retreat from the block by the [HANDLE] or [JOG] feed until the buzz...

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    1 - 91#3 = 0M00, M01 is executed on tool length execution.1M00, M01 is ignored on tool length execution.No. 6251Distance from the reference point to the reference gauge Z end face.No. 6255Distance from the spindle nose to the -Z directional end face of theprobe sphere.No. 6256Retouch return amoun...

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    1 - 9218. Tool Life Management18-1 Tool Life Management1.FeatureThe tool life management function counts the tool life use values of the tools used in themachining program according to the life units for each tool.It compares a counted tool use value with a tool life set value to control a tool...

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    1 - 93-------------- If the life units are use times, use times is countedhere.-------------- If the lift unit are time and distance, time or cuttingdistance is counted.• Dry run, Z-axis cancel, and machine lock are not turned on• In the M53 mode (M54 monitoring function is not stopping)• I...

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    1 - 944.Tool StatusThe TOOL screen lists the status of each tool as follows. It is displayed when the machinespecification requires it. Typical specification is mentioned in parentheses, but it is notalways displayed.USED ..................................... The tool is used.MONITORED ...........

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    1 - 95Caution3.Specifying the Offset(1) Tool Offset by Tool NumberIf a “tool offset by tool number” option is added to the NC unit for the SEICOS-Σ, tooloffset can be applied by a spindle tool number without taking offset data “H” and “D”into account, even if the spare tools are used...

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    1 - 96At this time, the tool numbers of defective tools are listed as defective tools in the TOOLSTATUS screen. Interlocking this function with automatic return sets the next work andcarries out next machining. (PPL system)This function helps prevent production of incomplete products.18-4 Tool...

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    1 - 97To select a tool offset, inform the NC unit of the registration position from“ORDER 1” registered as a spare tool by block skip.Program Example (with Option)T1100M06;M45G43Z_H1/2 H11/1 H10M46 H12 -- Offset for the tool No. 12 H11 -- Offset for the tool No. 11 H10 -- Offset for ...

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    1 - 98• Parameter No. 8003 #7 = 0 ...... Clears the tool status and tool life use value whenthe tool life is set.8003 #7 = 1 ...... Does not clear the tool status and tool life use valuewhen the tool life is set.(Note) When a command format is not correct, an error message, “783MONITORING FOR...

  • Page 104

    1 - 992.Sample ProgramWithout Spare Tool M51M51T10T15T30 : M59 M56T10M06T15G54G90S1000G00X0Y0G43Z50.0H10M03G98G81R3.0Z-10.0F500X-10.0Y-10.0G00Z100.0M15M01 : M55 :With Spare Tool M51M51T1100T1200T30 : M59 M56T1100M06T1200G54G90S1000G00X0Y0 M45G43Z50.0H12/2H11/1H10Premachining t...

  • Page 105

    1 - 10018-6 Tool Life Management Operation1.Preparations for OperationAfter changing a setup and setting in the tool magazine the tools you want to use for nextmachining, input their tool data (tool name, life units, life set value, life use value) in theTOOL LIFE screen.To operate with a spare ...

  • Page 106

    1 - 1014.Tool Life Management Operational Procedure18-7 Tool Life ScreenPress F3/TOOL in the OVERALL screen. The following function screen is displayed. Althoughthe function keys, F1/TOOL NAME , F2/REF. GAUGE , F3/TOOL CHANGE , F4/ , F5/ , F6/SAFETY GUARD , ...

  • Page 107

    1 - 102Fig. 1(Note) The data for the tools registered as spare tools are displayed dimly. No entry isallowed through the TOOL LIFE screen.1.Setting the Tool Name (A tool name can be set for each tool)The tool life management function is not affected even if a tool name is not set.[1]Using the Pa...

  • Page 108

    1 - 103[Example] Setting [100 milling cutter] for T003[1]Using the key, move the cursor to “003”.[2]Press F1/TOOL NAME → The cursor is located at an alphanumerical entry.[3]Press the keys, 1 , 0 , 0 , and SPACE in that order.[4]Using the key, move the cursor to “MILL”.[5...

  • Page 109

    1 - 104unsharp, take note of the life use data. That data is used as a life set value.The tool is judge out of life in the following cases:• Rough finishing surface• Occurrence of burr• High cutting sound• Much chattering• Adhesion of a built-up edge4.Deleting the Use and Setting Data...

  • Page 110

    1 - 10518-8 Spare Tool ScreenIn the screen shown in Fig. 1, press F6/SPARE TOOL . The SPARE TOOL screen in Fig. 2appears.Fig. 21.Setting the Call Number[1]Move the cursor to a position of “CALLNO.”.[2]Input a call number (1,000 or greater)and press INPUT . The call number must be greater ...

  • Page 111

    1 - 1064.Setting the Life ValueSet a life value for the tool group[1]Move the cursor to “LIFE SETTING”.[2]Input a life value (numerical value) for the tool group and press INPUT .5.Registering the Call Number (Spare Group)[1]Move the cursor to a call number (any number will do).[2]Press F3/...

  • Page 112

    1 - 107• Additionally registering to the end of the spare tools[1]Move the cursor to “TOOL” for last ORDER X.[2]Input the number you want to register as a spare tool, and press INPUT .• Registering halfway the spare tools[1]Move the cursor to the position where you want to add a spare to...

  • Page 113

    1 - 10818-9 Tool Status List ScreenIn the screen shown in Fig. 1, press F8/TOOOL STATUS .When interrupting operation, press F8/TOOOL CHECK to display theDEFECTIVE TOOL LIST screen, and then, press F8/TOOL STATUS .Fig. 3<Tool Status> × ......... Defective tool (broken or out of l...

  • Page 114

    1 - 1092.Listing the Defective ToolsPress F8/WORK TOOL CHECK in the TOOL STATUS LIST screen. The DEFECTIVETOOL LIST screen appears.Fig. 4This screen lists up to 10 tools found defective in one premachining tool check (M51 toM59).Since the defective tools are not displayed cumulatively, the s...

  • Page 115

    1 - 1102.Setting the Parameter[1][MDI] mode[2]Reset state[3]Turn on the [WRITE] switch.[4]Rewriting of parameters is enabled (SETTING screen)[5]Move the cursor to the number you want to set[6]Input the setting data with the keys[7]Press the INPUT key3.Parameters Related to Tool Life• No. 8001...

  • Page 116

    1 - 11119. Cutting Monitoring Unit19-1 OutlineThe cutting monitoring unit monitors the cutting loads of the spindle and feed axes of the NCmachine tool to prevent abnormal cutting and manufacturing of defective products.You can set monitoring data and monitoring functions for each tool to ensur...

  • Page 117

    1 - 1123.Selecting the Monitoring FunctionThe monitoring functions for the main monitoring axis include overload detection, no-loaddetection, wear detection, adaptive control, and idle cutting time reduction, and those for thesub-monitoring axes include overload detection and wear detection.Selec...

  • Page 118

    1 - 1133.Wear DetectionWhen a cutting load reaches a state of wear load, that tool’s status is regarded “worn out.”Machining continues even if wear is detected, but that tool will be treated in the samemanner as an out-of-life tool in a tool command in next machining.Since wear detection an...

  • Page 119

    1 - 1144.Adaptive Control (Feed Rate Override Control)When a cutting load exceeds a no-load value into a cutting state, a feed rate override iscontrolled so that the cutting load will stay between an upper-limit adaptive value and lower-limit adaptive value.When the cutting load is still exceedin...

  • Page 120

    1 - 11519-4 Cutting Monitoring Program1.Cutting Monitoring Special M-code(1) Stopping/Resetting the Tool Life Management Function and Cutting Monitoring Function(M54/M53)Since a cutting load does not take place up to an actual machining start point inremachining from halfway, M54 is executed to ...

  • Page 121

    1 - 116• For Sxxxx;, set the data in the format of xxx.x.• When the valid data is set, the monitoring functions are enabled.• When an overload value for the main monitoring axis is set, other monitoring dataare cleared.• When an adaptive value is set, a no-load value is automatically calc...

  • Page 122

    1 - 1172.Sample ProgramO77;M51;T01;T1000;M59;M56;G91G28X0Y0Z0;G91G30X0Y0Z0M19;T01M06;G54G90G00X0Y100.;M03S1000T1000;G43Z50.H01;G01Y0.F620;G00X10.;G01Y100.;G00Z100.M15;G91G30Z0;G30X0Y0M19;;T1100M06;G54G90G00X0Y100.;M03S1000;M45;G43Z30. H27/2 H26/1 H25;M46;G01Y0.F620;G00X10.;G01Y100.;H00Z100.M15;G9...

  • Page 123

    1 - 11819-5 Data Setting1.Selecting the Main Monitoring AxisIn the SET LOAD screen, select the spindle, X-axis, Y-axis, or Z-axis as the main monitoringaxis for each tool. When machining is done with this tool, determine on which one of thespindle motor, X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis a change of t...

  • Page 124

    1 - 119[3]Setting the data by downloadingDownload the monitoring data from the NC program.(2) Automatic SettingSet the CUTTING MONITOR mode selectorswitch on the operation panel to AUTOMATICDATA SET and perform teach cutting. Theload reference value for the tool used formachining is calculated f...

  • Page 125

    1 - 120Every time the S-data is altered while the spindle is rotating , a cancellation time isactivated. For the feed axes, the cancellation time is activated when cutting starts, butit is not between continuous cutting feed block. When the machine is operated in theSINGLE BLOCK mode, an axis i...

  • Page 126

    1 - 1211.Monitoring ConditionsBasic monitoring conditions are as follows:[1]Completion of tool change operation(From the standby position to thespindle)[2]In memory operation[3]The [CUTTING MONITOR] switch is setto [ON][4]M53 mode (M54 is not specified in theprogram)[5]Overload detection is worki...

  • Page 127

    1 - 122CautionEach cutting is;• Spindle ......... Between M03 and M04/M05 (M13 or M14 also allowed)• Feed axes .... Between start and end of cutting feed4.Wear DetectionTurn on the wear detecting function for a desired tool and set the wear detection data.Wear detecting operation is activated...

  • Page 128

    1 - 1237.Cutting Monitoring Operational ProcedurePresettingSetting and Confirmation ofParametersSetting of the life units (Also settablein tool life management)Setting of the main monitoring axis(For each tool) (Select your desiredcutting monitoring function for eachtool)Selection of the spindle,...

  • Page 129

    1 - 12419-7 Set Load Screen[1] Press F3/TOOL in the OVERALL screen → The TOOL screen appears and displays thefollowing functions.[2] Press F9/LIFE SPARE → The TOOL LIFE screen appears and displays the followingfunctions.[3] Press F4/REAL SET → The SET LOAD screen appears.When interru...

  • Page 130

    1 - 125• Input position selecting methodUsing the cursor move keys, , , , and , move the cursor to the position whereyou want to alter or input the data.1.Selecting the Main Monitoring AxisInitially, the “S (SPINDLE)” has been set as the main monitoring axis. When you want tochange it;[1...

  • Page 131

    1 - 126<Example>Calculated load values when the spindle motor’s reference value is input• OVERLOAD ........ (Reference value × Parameter No. 8006)/100(X: 8012, Y: 8018, Z: 8024)• WEAR ................. (Reference value × Parameter No. 8007)/100(X: 8013, Y: 8019, Z: 8025)• ADAPTIVE...

  • Page 132

    1 - 12719-8 Load Graph ScreenPress the [CUTTING MONITOR] key on the operation panel or press F5/REAL GRAPH .The LOAD GRAPH screen appears.Fig. 6The LOAD GRAPH screen is a display with respect to the spindle tool and graphs a loaded stateafter one of the spindle, X-axis, Y-axis, or Z-axis is ...

  • Page 133

    1 - 128• Use the Page keys and to select the display for the spindle, X-axis, Y-axis, or Z-axis.19-9 Life Graph ScreenPress F5/LIFE GRAPH in the REAL GRAPH screen. The LIFT GRAPH screen appears.Fig. 7The LIFE GRAPH screen graphs the cutting load data ranging from a start of using a life ...

  • Page 134

    1 - 129[1]Using the and keys, move the cursor to a setting position.[2]Input the tool number you want to set.[3]Press INPUT → The registered tool number is set.(Note) The life graph collects the cutting data on the eight registered tools.If a tool which is halfway its life is registered, t...

  • Page 135

    1 - 130Bit 2 ..... Adaptive control of the main monitoring axisBit 3 .....Bit 4 ..... Overload of the sub-monitoring axisBit 5 ..... Wear of the sub-monitoring axisBit 6 ..... Initialization in the tool life times modeBit 7 ..... Initialization in the tool life time mode5.Selecting the Function (...

  • Page 136

    1 - 131• Z-axis overload value= Key-input reference load (or Calculated load value) ×Parameter 8024/100• Wear value= Key-input reference load (or Calculated load value) ×Parameter 8007 (8013, 8019, or 8025)/100• Adaptive value= Key-input reference load (or Calculated load value) ×Paramet...

  • Page 137

    1 - 132(Notes)• When none of the 1st through 4th gears has been selected (when the machine hasno gear, see the parameter for the low-speed gear.• When the 3rd or 4th gear is selected, see the parameter for the high-speed gear.• Even if the high-speed gear has been selected, see 8030 when 80...

  • Page 138

    1 - 13310. Data Parameters(1) No. of spindle data averaging times (Parameter 8058)Set to “0 to 40” the number of times to average the spindle load data form the A/D.(2) No. of feed axis data averaging times (Parameter 8059)Set to “0 to 40” the number of times to average the feed axis load...

  • Page 139

    2VERTICAL MACHINING CENTERVS50/60INSTRUCTION MANUALOPERATIONSEIKI-SEICOS Σ16M/18MVersion 1.019-2000 8-1997 First Edition

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